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Tile panel

Tile panel

  • Place of origin:

    Iznik (probably, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1580 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Fritware, polychrome underglaze painted, glazed

  • Museum number:

    401:1 to 24-1900

  • Gallery location:

    Islamic Middle East, Room 42, The Jameel Gallery, case WN6, shelf EXP []

Tiles with this design are associated with the shrine of Eyüp, which stands just outside the walls of Istanbul. The pattern is not self-contained. It can be repeated endlessly, like a textile design. Each group of four tiles has the complete pattern, which is symmetrical on the vertical axis.

The tiles were produced at the Iznik potteries near Istanbul. The imperial court renewed its patronage of Iznik ceramics during the construction of the Süleymaniye mosque in Istanbul in 1550 to 1557. The first Iznik tiles were produced, and potters added a bright red to the range of colours painted under the glaze. This was achieved with a slip made from a special clay.

In the following decades, tiles of high quality were decorated in red, green and tones of blue on a white ground. Dishes, bottles and other vessels had similar decoration on white or coloured grounds.

Physical description

Panel of tiles with repeating pattern of wing-like turquoise saz leaves flanking large red leaf motifs among branches with violet-blue flowers.

Place of Origin

Iznik (probably, made)

Date

ca. 1580 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Fritware, polychrome underglaze painted, glazed

Dimensions

Width: 119 cm, Height: 173 cm

Object history note

Said to be from the baths at the mosque of Eyüp Ansari in Istanbul.

Historical context note

Tiles with this design are associated with the shrine of Eyüp, which stands just outside the walls of Istanbul. The pattern is not self-contained but can be repeated endlessly, like a textile design. Each group of four tiles has the complete pattern, which is symmetrical on the vertical axis. The placement of a tulip inside each of the large turquoise saz leaves is a stylistic innovation of the late 1570s.

Descriptive line

Panel of tiles with repeat pattern, Turkey (Iznik), around 1580.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

John Ayers, Oriental Art in the Victoria and Albert Museum (London: Philip Wilson Publishers, 1983), pp. 120-21.
Nurhan Atasoy and Julian Raby, Iznik: The Pottery of Ottoman Turkey (London: Alexandria Press, 1989), fig. 477 (tiles from same mosque).

Labels and date

TILE PANEL
Fritware with polychrome underglaze painting
TURKEY (made at Iznik); about 1570
Tiles of this pattern are found in the courtyard of the Shrine of Eyup Ansari at the head of the Golden Horn in Istanbul. [Used until 11/2003]
Tiles with Repeat Pattern
Turkey, probably Iznik
About 1580

Tiles with this design are associated with the shrine of Eyüp, which stands just outside the walls of Istanbul. The pattern is not self-contained but can be repeated endlessly, like a textile design. Each group of four tiles has the complete pattern, which is symmetrical on the vertical axis.

Fritware painted under the glaze

Museum no. 401-1900 [Jameel Gallery]

Production Note

Tiles with this design are associated with the shrine of Eyüp Ansari in Istanbul.

Materials

Fritware

Techniques

Underglaze

Categories

Ceramics; Tiles; Islam

Collection

Middle East Section

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