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Etching with engraving - Plate 38, the Great Dining Room at Houghton Hall
  • Plate 38, the Great Dining Room at Houghton Hall
    Kent, William
  • Enlarge image

Plate 38, the Great Dining Room at Houghton Hall

  • Object:

    Etching with engraving

  • Place of origin:

    London (published)

  • Date:

    1743 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Kent, William (designer)
    Ware, Isaac (draughtsman (technical))
    Ware, Isaac (publisher)
    Fourdrinier, Paul, born 1720 - died 1758 (etcher)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Etching and engraving, ink on paper

  • Museum number:

    20603:5

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 54, case WE

Object Type
This print by Paul Fourdrinier combines two printmaking techniques - etching and engraving. Both involved creating a pattern of grooves to hold ink in a metal printing plate. The image on the printing plate was the reverse of the final image. The etched lines were made using acid, while the engraved lines were scored by means of a sharp tool called a burin. The grooves were then filled with ink and the image was transferred onto a blank sheet of paper.

Place
Houghton Hall is a magnificent country house in Norfolk. It was built by Sir Robert Walpole, the Prime Minister, in the 1720s and early 1730s.

Subject Depicted
Another name for the Venetian window is the 'Serlian motif'. This derives from the fact that it was first illustrated by the Italian architect Sebastiano Serlio in his book Architettura of 1537. The spiral scrolls at the top of the columns are called volutes. They are characteristic of the Ionic order, one of the four orders (or sets of rules) of classical architecture.

William Kent has used a variety of decorative details elsewhere in the design, including female masks, hanging strings of fruits and flowers called festoons, scrolling leaves and formalised flower motifs called rosettes. The overmantel (the part of the chimney-piece above the mantelpiece) is topped with a broken pediment. This is a triangular feature that does not meet at the top.

Use
Isaac Ware's book on Houghton Hall was published only a few years after the house was finished. It was a forerunner of the magazines available today, featuring the homes of the rich and famous.

Physical description

Print

Place of Origin

London (published)

Date

1743 (made)

Artist/maker

Kent, William (designer)
Ware, Isaac (draughtsman (technical))
Ware, Isaac (publisher)
Fourdrinier, Paul, born 1720 - died 1758 (etcher)

Materials and Techniques

Etching and engraving, ink on paper

Dimensions

Height: 12 cm paper, Width: 19 cm paper

Object history note

Plate 38 from Isaac Ware, 'The Designs of Inigo Jones and others'Designed by William Kent (born in Bridlington, East Yorkshire, 1685, died in London, 1748); drawn and published in London by Isaac Ware (born in 1704, died in London, 1766); etched by Paul Fourdrinier (active 1720-1758)

Descriptive line

Engraving of the Great Dining Room at Houghton Hall, designed by William Kent, drawn and published in London by Isaac Ware, 1743, etched by Paul Fourdrinier

Labels and date

British Galleries:
The Venetian window was a favourite Palladian motif. It was composed of a central, semi-circular arch with flat-topped openings on either side. In the dining room at Houghton, two such arches were designed to lead to serving areas. By the time that the dining room was built, the design had been changed. [27/03/2003]

Materials

Printing ink

Techniques

Etching; Engraving

Subjects depicted

Arches; Columns; Pediments; Classicism; Fireplaces; Sculpture

Categories

Prints; Architecture; Interiors; Designs

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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