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  • Place of origin:

    Gateshead (made)

  • Date:

    1889 (design registered)

  • Artist/Maker:

    George Davidson & Co. (manufacturer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Press-moulded blue Pearline glass

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 122c, case 1

Object Type
Extensive glass table services became increasingly popular towards the end of the 19th century. Cheaply made, in pressed glass, such elaborate sets became widely available. The cream jug was an essential part of a tea service. Both tea and coffee were generally served with milk.

Materials & Making
The technique of press-moulding glass with the aid of a hand-operated machine was first perfected in the United States of America in the early 1820s. It took only two people to shape a measured quantity of hot glass in a heated metal mould. By simply depressing a lever, a metal plunger was lowered into the glass, forcing it into the patterned mould. By the 1830s this method had spread to Europe and Britain, giving rise to stylistic changes and revolutionising the availability of glassware. The technique made the mid- to late 19th century the first period of true mass production. In the 1890s the introduction of steam-powered presses improved quality while cutting costs even further.

In 1889 George Davidson patented a new production method for two new colours, under the name of Primrose and Blue 'Pearline'. The novelty of this extremely popular line was that the colour of each piece gradually changed from clear at the bottom to opaque at the top.

This jug was made by 'George Davidson & Co., Teams Glass Works' at Gateshead, Tyne and Wear. Founded in 1867, they soon became one of the most famous and prolific manufacturers of pressed glass in Britain.

Place of Origin

Gateshead (made)


1889 (design registered)


George Davidson & Co. (manufacturer)

Materials and Techniques

Press-moulded blue Pearline glass

Marks and inscriptions

Registration number 130643 for 13/8/1889
Mark: 'Rd 130643', moulded
Registration number


Height: 11 cm, Width: 12 cm including spout and handle

Object history note

Made by George Davidson, Teams Glass Works, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear

Descriptive line

Pearline jug, made by Geo. Davidson & Co., Teams Glass Works, Gateshead-on-Tyne, 1889-1900


Glass; British Galleries


Ceramics Collection

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