Page

ca. 1590 - ca. 1600 (made)
Not currently on display at the V&A

Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

This painting was probably done for the Mughal emperor Jahangir (r.1605–1627) when he was still a prince living in the 1590s at Lahore, the northern capital of the Mughal empire, now in north-east Pakistan. The Jesuit Father Jerome Xavier, who was in Lahore at the same time, wrote in 1598 that the prince collected European paintings and prints and that he had seen the prince’s artists copying them. One of the images he saw them copying was a Descent from the Cross, a comparatively rare subject in Mughal painting. Although there is no evidence that this painting is precisely that mentioned by Jerome Xavier, it is of the same period. The composition is based on an engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi after a lost original by Raphael, and incorporates landscape details from other European sources.

The painting has been detached from a volume, otherwise intact and still at the V&A, known as the ‘Small Clive Album’. It is associated with Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey (1725–1774).


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper
Brief Description
Painting, Large Clive Album, deposition from cross with rejoicing angels, opaque watercolour and gold on paper, Mughal, ca. 1590-1600
Physical Description
Painting, on album page, in opaque watercolour and gold on paper, a deposition from the cross with rejoicing angels, after a European original.
Dimensions
  • Height: 23.9cm
  • Painting only height: 19.4cm
  • Calligraphy width: 9.5cm
  • Painting width: 11.7cm
Content description
A deposition from the cross with rejoicing angels, after a European original.
Style
Credit line
Accepted by HM Government in lieu of inheritance tax and allocated to the V&A, 1964
Object history
This album of 104 folios known as the Clive Album was formerly the property of the Earl of Powis, Powis Castle. (RP 1959/1747)
Production
After a European original.
Subjects depicted
Summary
This painting was probably done for the Mughal emperor Jahangir (r.1605–1627) when he was still a prince living in the 1590s at Lahore, the northern capital of the Mughal empire, now in north-east Pakistan. The Jesuit Father Jerome Xavier, who was in Lahore at the same time, wrote in 1598 that the prince collected European paintings and prints and that he had seen the prince’s artists copying them. One of the images he saw them copying was a Descent from the Cross, a comparatively rare subject in Mughal painting. Although there is no evidence that this painting is precisely that mentioned by Jerome Xavier, it is of the same period. The composition is based on an engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi after a lost original by Raphael, and incorporates landscape details from other European sources.



The painting has been detached from a volume, otherwise intact and still at the V&A, known as the ‘Small Clive Album’. It is associated with Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey (1725–1774).
Bibliographic References
  • Robert Skelton, "Two Mughal Lion Hunts", Victoria and Albert Museum Yearbook 1969, fig. 12, p. 44 Ebba Koch, "Jahangir and the Angels", in J. Deppert, ed., India and the West, South Asia Institute, New Delhi, 1983, fig. 14 (detail). Swallow, Deborah and John Guy eds. Arts of India: 1550-1900. text by Rosemary Crill, John Guy, Veronica Murphy, Susan Stronge and Deborah Swallow. London : V&A Publications, 1990. 240 p., ill. ISBN 1851770224, p.70, no.48. Susan Stronge, ed., The Arts of the Sikh Kingdoms, V&A Publications, 1999, cat. 25, p. 212 and pl. 101.
  • STRONGE, Susan. Painting for the Mughal Emperor: The Art of the Book 1560 – 1660 London : V&A Publications, 2002. 192p, ill. ISBN 1 85177 358 4.p. 111, pl. 77, p. 212
  • STRONGE, Susan. Painting for the Mughal Emperor: The Art of the Book 1560 – 1660 London : V&A Publications, 2002. 192p, ill. ISBN 1 85177 358 4.p. 111, pl. 77
  • Stronge, S. "The Arts of the Sikh Kingdoms", V&A, 1999p. 93, pl. 101 and p. 212, cat. 25
  • Swallow, D., Stronge, S., Crill, R., Koezuka, T., editor and translator, "The Art of the Indian Courts. Miniature Painting and Decorative Arts", Victoria & Albert Museum and NHK Kinki Media Plan, 1993.p. 37, cat. no. 11
  • Irwin, John C., Indian Art, Victoria and Albert Museum, London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1968pl. 38
Collection
Accession Number
IS.133:79/A-1964

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record createdNovember 13, 2002
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