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Hanging

  • Place of origin:

    Coromandel Coast (made)

  • Date:

    18th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Mordant-dyed and resist-dyed cotton chintz, backed with indigo-dyed cotton and printed cotton

  • Museum number:

    IS.3-1953

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This striking Crucifixion scene was made in South-East Inda, on the so-called Coromandel Coast, to be used in an Armenian church. This particular design is based on Armenian illustrated Gospels of the 12th-14th century, although the Indian craftsman who drew the design has altered it subtly from the original. The hanging is made in the same mordanting and resist-dyeing technique that was used for the export chintzes that were popular in Britain in the 17th and 18th century.

Physical description

Rectangular hanging of mordant-dyed and resist-dyed cotton chintz. With a Crucifixion scene. The central figure of Christ is flanked by two female figures on either side. Three angels collect blood from Christ's wounds. The sun and moon are shown at the top. The scene is surrounded by a reciprocal merlon border. The hanging is backed with indigo-dyed dark blue cotton cloth and is patched with printed cotton in several places. There are stains, mostly from wax, on both front and back.

Place of Origin

Coromandel Coast (made)

Date

18th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Mordant-dyed and resist-dyed cotton chintz, backed with indigo-dyed cotton and printed cotton

Dimensions

Length: 137 cm, Width: 102.5 cm, Length: 54 in, Width: 37.5 in

Descriptive line

Hanging of mordant-dyed and resist-dyed cotton chintz, Coromandel Coast, 18th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p. 130, cat. no. 187, pl. 157
Irwin, John and Katherine Brett, Origins of Chintz, London, 1970. With a catalogue of Indo-European cotton-paintings in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, and the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. ISBN 112900534.

Labels and date

CURTAIN OR HANGING

Armenian traders in India and Iran commissioned textiles for their churches. Some showed saints' lives or scenes from the life of Christ, such as this Crucifixion. Southeast Indian craftsmen drew on imagery from Armenian manuscripts for their designs. They combined these with the same techniques they were using to produce the patterned 'chintz' textiles they were sending to Europe.

Cotton, hand-drawn and mordant-dyed
Coromandel Coast, 1760- 80
V&A: IS.3-1953 [03/10/2015-10/01/2016]

Production Note

Made in India for use in an Armenian church.

Categories

Christianity; Ecclesiastical textiles; Religion; Interiors

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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