Maharana Sangram Singh receives the embassy of Johan Josua Ketelaar  thumbnail 1
Maharana Sangram Singh receives the embassy of Johan Josua Ketelaar  thumbnail 2
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Maharana Sangram Singh receives the embassy of Johan Josua Ketelaar

Painting
ca. 1711 (made)
Place Of Origin

In the spring of 1711 Maharana Sangram Singh (r.1710-34) received the Dutch envoy Johan Josua Ketelaar at his court in Udaipur. Ketelaar had travelled from the Dutch factory at Surat through Rajasthan, leading a delegation to the Mughal court to try and negotiate trading privileges from the emperor for the Dutch East India Company. The formal reception of the envoy and his entourage by the maharana in his palace at Udaipur is depicted in this large painting on cotton, which is probably more or less contemporary with the event. The appearance of these 'farangis' (ie 'Franks' in Persian, the standard term used across the Mughal empire to describe Europeans) in the painting quickly developed into a stock motif in the art of the Udaipur court.
The painting was originally acquired by the Indian Museum in London, and was transferred to this museum in 1879.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Gouache on cloth
Brief Description
Paintings, gouache, cotton, scene at the treaty durbar held in the palace of Udaipur Rajasthan, in 1818
Physical Description
The Maharana sits in the Amar Vilas apartments in the palace at Udaipur, attended by sardars and servants.
Dimensions
  • Right side height: 161.3cm
  • Left side height: 160cm
  • At top width: 119.7cm
  • At bottom width: 120cm
  • Depth: 0.2cm (Note: approx)
  • Weight on roller weight: 3.04kg
Object history
Acquired by the Indian Museum, perhaps given by a maharana to one of the British political officers in Udaipur who then presented it to the London Museum. Transferred to the South Kensington Museum in 1879.
Summary
In the spring of 1711 Maharana Sangram Singh (r.1710-34) received the Dutch envoy Johan Josua Ketelaar at his court in Udaipur. Ketelaar had travelled from the Dutch factory at Surat through Rajasthan, leading a delegation to the Mughal court to try and negotiate trading privileges from the emperor for the Dutch East India Company. The formal reception of the envoy and his entourage by the maharana in his palace at Udaipur is depicted in this large painting on cotton, which is probably more or less contemporary with the event. The appearance of these 'farangis' (ie 'Franks' in Persian, the standard term used across the Mughal empire to describe Europeans) in the painting quickly developed into a stock motif in the art of the Udaipur court.

The painting was originally acquired by the Indian Museum in London, and was transferred to this museum in 1879.
Associated Object
09316(IS) (Object)
Bibliographic References
  • Full bibliography up to 1984 in Andrew Topsfield's Oriental Art article.
  • Andrew Topsfield, 'Ketelaar's Embassy and the Farangi theme in the art of Udaipur', Oriental Art, New Series, Winter 1984/85, vol. XXX no. 4, pp. 350-367, fig.1
  • The Indian Heritage. Court life and Arts under Mughal Rule London: The Victoria and Albert Museum, 1982 Number: ISBN 0 906969 26 3Topsfield, Andrew, cat. no. 140, p. 57
Collection
Accession Number
09405(IS)

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record createdJune 25, 2009
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