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Railings

Railings

  • Place of origin:

    Sussex (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1710-1714 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Lamberhurst Foundry (makers)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Cast iron

  • Credit Line:

    Given by St. Paul's Cathedral

  • Museum number:

    M.209:1-1976

  • Gallery location:

    Ironwork, Room 114a, case EXP []

Physical description

Railings and finial of cast iron, with traces of brown-black, black, dark grey, red-brown, grey, dark grey brown, light brown, bright red ochre, red ochre, red/white lead, dark brown, green (vivid), orange brown, sparkly grey, dark red ochre, very pale grey and rust.

Place of Origin

Sussex (made)

Date

ca. 1710-1714 (made)

Artist/maker

Lamberhurst Foundry (makers)

Materials and Techniques

Cast iron

Dimensions

Height: 168 cm, Width: 126 cm, Depth: 86 cm

Object history note

With the railings around the Senate in Cambridge, and those around St Martin's-in-the- Fields, these are some of the earliest English cast iron railings known. They are said to have been made by the foundry at Lamberhurst, Sussex. (See, E. Straker, Wealden Iron, p.272). According to the accounts in the Cathedral Library they were delivered between September 13th 1710 and June 10th 1714, and payment was made to, "Richard Jones Smith, of a sum of £11,202 0s 6d, being for 200 tons 2 quarters 25lbs, at 6d per lb". (See, E. Straker, p.207). Wren, the cathedral's architect, apparently wanted neither a fence around the building, nor if there had to be one, that it should be of cast rather than wrought iron. He was however, over-ruled by the Whig-biased Rebuilding Commission, at whose suggestion Richard Jones had tendered. On September 20th, 1710, Jones was paid £1,000 on account for the fence; Wren attended no further meetings of the Commission. (See, Judith Hook, The Baroque Age in England", p.101, and The Wren Society, xvi, p.149).

Descriptive line

Railings and finial, cast iron, probably made by Lamberhurst Foundry, Sussex, ca. 1710-1714

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Robertson, E. G. and Joan Robertson. Cast Iron Decoration, A World Survey. London : Thames and Hudson, 1977. pl.33, p.16.
Straker, E. Wealden Iron. pp. 207, 272
Hook, Judith. The Baroque Age in England. p.101.
Wren Society. XXI. p.149.
Bosomworth, Dorothy. Railings Revived. Traditional Homes. 1985. pp.42-48.

Labels and date

RAILINGS
Cast iron
England (St Paul's, London); 1710-14
M.209-1976

With the railings around the Senate in Cambridge, and those around St Martin's-in-the-Fields, these are some of the earliest English cast iron railings known. They are said to have been made by the foundry at Lamberhurst, Sussex. (See, E. Straker, Wealden Iron, p.272).
According to the accounts in the Cathedral Library they were delivered between September 13th 1710 and June 10th 1714, and payment was made to, "Richard Jones Smith, of a sum of £11,202 0s 6d, being for 200 tons 2 quarters 25lbs, at 6d per lb". (See, E. Straker, p.207).
Wren, the cathedral's architect, apparently wanted neither a fence around the building, nor if there had to be one, that it should be of cast rather than wrought iron. He was however, over-ruled by the Whig-biased Rebuilding Commission, at whose suggestion Richard Jones had tendered. On September 20th, 1710, Jones was paid £1,000 on account for the fence; Wren attended no further meetings of the Commission. (See, Judith Hook, The Baroque Age in England", p.101, and The Wren Society, xvi, p.149).

[07/1994]

Materials

Cast iron

Techniques

Casting

Categories

Metalwork; Ironwork; Architectural fittings

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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