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  • Place of origin:

    Egypt (made)
    Serabit el-Khadim (found)

  • Date:

    c. 1550 BC - c. 1077 BC (made)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Glazed composition, painted

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Serabit el-Khadim, in the Sinai peninsula, was an important turquoise mine worked throughout Egyptian history. The miners seem to have come largely from this region rather than the Nile valley; many graffiti were found at the site written in a language now termed ‘Proto-Sinaitic’. In his excavations of 1904-5, Flinders Petrie discovered huge numbers of votive items deposited at the temple of Hathor at the site, mostly dating to the New Kingdom. These were typically small items such as bracelets, plaques, sistra and figurines, usually made of blue-green glazed composition. This turquoise colour was ritually important to Hathor, who amongst many attributes was considered the protective deity of mining regions (one of her many names was ‘Lady of Turquoise’).

Physical description

Fragment of a glazed composition votive plaque. The plaque is painted in black with a depiction of the face of the goddess Hathor, today very faded.

Place of Origin

Egypt (made)
Serabit el-Khadim (found)


c. 1550 BC - c. 1077 BC (made)

Materials and Techniques

Glazed composition, painted


Height: 6 cm, Width: 6.5 cm, Thickness: 1 cm

Object history note

Found at Serabit el-Khadim, 1904-5 excavation season.

Descriptive line

Fragment of a votive plaque, glazed composition, Serabit el-Khadim, Egypt, New Kingdom

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Such plaques are discussed in W.M.F. Petrie, Researches in Sinai (New York: Dutton and Co., 1906): 147-8, Fig. 152
G. Pinch, Votive Offerings to Hathor (Oxford: Griffith Institute, 1993): 147


Ceramics Collection

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