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Chimneypiece - Chimneypiece

Chimneypiece

  • Object:

    Chimneypiece

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1470 - ca. 1500 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Carved stone

  • Museum number:

    454:1 to 3-1906

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This chimneypiece or fireplace is of plain stonework with no ornament and came originally from a house at Prittlewell, near Southend, Essex, England.

The piece was uncovered during the demolition of a house called 'Reynoldes' in East Street, Prittlewell.

This fireplace and another fireplace (museum number 455-1906) were originally part of the High Altar of the Priory Church, Prittlewell.

Prittlewell Priory was founded between 1086 and 1121 by Robert de Essex, Lord of the Manor of Rayleigh. A Guild or Fraternity of Jesus was established at Prittlewell in 1468, and the lands held by the Guild were called 'Reynoldes', probably after the original owner. The dissolution of the Priory took place in 1536, and it is possible that this fireplace and tracery, together with museum number 455-1906, were removed during this period, and subsequently boarded up in 'Reynoldes' where they were discovered in 1906. According to Keating Clay's account of Prittlewell Priory, it is likely that the fireplace came from the Priory refectory and the reredos from the Priory Church. These were evidently removed during the destruction of the monastery and placed in a private house.

Physical description

Chimneypiece is of plain stonework with no ornament.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

ca. 1470 - ca. 1500 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Carved stone

Dimensions

Height: 122 cm, Length: 172.72 cm, Depth: 38.1 cm

Object history note

Uncovered during the demolition of a house called 'Reynoldes' in East Street, Prittlewell, near Southend, Essex during 1906.
Bought, £1.

Historical context note

This fireplace and another fireplace (museum number 455-1906) were originally part of the High Altar of the Priory Church, Prittlewell.

Prittlewell Priory was founded between 1086 and 1121 by Robert de Essex, Lord of the Manor of Rayleigh. A Guild or Fraternity of Jesus was established at Prittlewell in 1468, and the lands held by the Guild were called 'Reynoldes', probably after the original owner. The dissolution of the Priory took place in 1536, and it is possible that this fireplace and tracery, together with museum number 455-1906, were removed during this period, and subsequently boarded up in 'Reynoldes' where they were discovered in 1906. According to Keating Clay's account of Prittlewell Priory, it is likely that the fireplace came from the Priory refectory and the reredos from the Priory Church. These were evidently removed during the destruction of the monastery and placed in a private house.

Descriptive line

Chimneypiece, carved stone, originally part of the High Altar of the Priory Church, Prittlewell, England, ca. 1470-1500

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Years 1905 - 1908. In: List of Works of Art Acquired by the Victoria and Albert Museum, During the Year 1906, Arranged According to the Dates of Acquisition with Appendix and Indices. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by Eyre and Spottiswoode, Limited, 1909, p. 84
Bilbey, Diane and Trusted, Marjorie. British Sculpture 1470-2000. A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2002, p.24, cat.no. 26

Materials

Stone

Techniques

Carving

Categories

Architectural fittings; Sculpture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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