Cross thumbnail 1
Not currently on display at the V&A

Cross

1800-1867 (made)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

Italian women have always loved lavish display. Even for the poorest, an impressive show of jewellery was all important. Like Catholic women elsewhere in southern Europe they often wore elaborate crosses as jewellery.

Red was the most popular colour in traditional jewellery throughout Italy. In the south the jewellers usually used coral, but in the northern and central regions they decorated their crosses with garnets, as here. This cross, which comes from Parma, has mounts for the garnets which are riveted to the base, which is not typical of traditional jewellery. It is also smaller than most crosses of this type.

It was bought as part of the Castellani collection of Italian Peasant Jewellery at the International Exhibition, Paris, 1867.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Gold set with faceted garnets
Brief Description
Gold pendant cross set with garnets, Parma (Italy), 1800-1867.
Physical Description
Pendant cross, made of pierced gold set with faceted garnets in high conical mounts, hanging from a matching plaque. The mounts are riveted to the base.
Dimensions
  • Length: 7.0cm
  • Width: 3.5cm
  • Depth: 0.5cm
Marks and Inscriptions
Monogram of the letters 'W' and 'C'. (On front of each part: on a spur at the extreme right of the top, and on the projection at the bottom of the cross.)
Subject depicted
Summary
Italian women have always loved lavish display. Even for the poorest, an impressive show of jewellery was all important. Like Catholic women elsewhere in southern Europe they often wore elaborate crosses as jewellery.



Red was the most popular colour in traditional jewellery throughout Italy. In the south the jewellers usually used coral, but in the northern and central regions they decorated their crosses with garnets, as here. This cross, which comes from Parma, has mounts for the garnets which are riveted to the base, which is not typical of traditional jewellery. It is also smaller than most crosses of this type.



It was bought as part of the Castellani collection of Italian Peasant Jewellery at the International Exhibition, Paris, 1867.
Bibliographic Reference
'Italian Jewellery as worn by the Peasants of Italy', Arundel Society, London, 1868, Plate 2
Collection
Accession Number
321-1868

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record createdOctober 31, 2008
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