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Brooch

  • Place of origin:

    England (possibly, made)
    France (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    1250-1350 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gold, engraved; Enamel

  • Museum number:

    M.245-1923

  • Gallery location:

    Jewellery, Rooms 91 to 93, The William and Judith Bollinger Gallery, case 5, shelf A, box 2

Brooches were used in the medieval period to fasten garments together, generally around the neck. The most common form was the circular ring brooch, but brooches were also found in a number of more unusual forms, such as this sexfoil. The subtle and contrasting use of enamel provides an added richness

Physical description

Brooch, gold, engraved and enamelled. Of sexfoil shape, the front is engraved with four-petalled flowers, outlined in black enamel, back with an inscription in Latin in Lombardic letters and enamelled in black '+ AVE MARIA GRACIA PLENA DON [NOBIS PACEM]' (Holy Mary, full of grace, give [us peace]).

Place of Origin

England (possibly, made)
France (possibly, made)

Date

1250-1350 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Gold, engraved; Enamel

Marks and inscriptions

'+ AVE MARIA GRACIA PLENA DON' [NOBIS PACEM]
'Hail Mary, full of grace, give' [us peace]
Latin, Lombardic lettering, on the back

Dimensions

Diameter: 2.5 cm, Depth: 0.2 cm

Descriptive line

Brooch, gold and enamel, of sexfoil form, engraved on the front with four-petalled flowers, and on the reverse in Lombardic lettering with an inscription to the Virgin. England or France, 1300-50.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Lightbown, Ronald. Medieval European Jewellery: with a catalogue of the collection in the Victoria & Albert Museum. London: Victoria & Albert Museum, 1992. cat.11. p. 494.
Campbell, Marian, Medieval Jewellery in Europe 1100-1500, London, V&A Publishing, 2009, p. 62, fig. 61
Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagenet England 1200-1400, Alexander, J. and Binski, P. (eds), London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1987, no.643, p.484

Production Note

Possibly made in England or France

Materials

Gold; Enamel

Techniques

Engraving (incising); Enamelling

Subjects depicted

Faith; Quatrefoils

Categories

Jewellery; Metalwork; Christianity

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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