Textile

1960-1964 (made)
Textile thumbnail 1
Textile thumbnail 2
+4
images
Not currently on display at the V&A

Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

This is an example of adire, an indigo resist dyed cloth made by the Yoruba people of south-western Nigeria. Resist-dyeing involves treating certain areas of the cloth with a ‘resist’ to prevent them absorbing the dye. In this example the cloth has been folded to make long narrow pleats which are then sewn together so they receive no dye.

The cloth is made up of two lengths of cotton shirting that were sewn together to form a shape that is roughly square so it could be used as a wraparound skirt. Adire was not a prestigious form of cloth but it was extremely popular during the early 1960s when this example was bought for the museum in the city of Ibadan in south-western Nigeria.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Resist indigo-dyed cotton. The cloth is folded and sewn with a machine and dyed. Where sewing is used as a resist it is known as 'adire alabare' in Yoruba.
Brief Description
Indigo resist-dyed cotton cloth, Nigeria, 1960-64
Physical Description
Adire resist indigo-dyed cotton cloth. Two lengths of shirting (one is 86.5cm in width, and the other is 85.5 cm in width) stitched together to form a shape that is roughly square. A pattern of horizontal and vertical lines has been created using machine sewing as a resist.
Dimensions
  • Width: 172cm
  • Length: 162cm
Marks and Inscriptions
Trade mark (Mark for imported cloth)
Object history
Label on textile: '"Adire" (indigo-dyed) cloth. The cotton is folded, tied and dyed. West African (Western Nigeria); contemporary. / Lent by the Victoria and Albert Museum'. Bought specifically for the V&A by Jane Barbour in the 1960s along with the other examples in Related Numbers above.
Production
Although Adire cloth is usually produced by women where machine sewing has been used as a resist it is more likely to have been made by a man.
Summary
This is an example of adire, an indigo resist dyed cloth made by the Yoruba people of south-western Nigeria. Resist-dyeing involves treating certain areas of the cloth with a ‘resist’ to prevent them absorbing the dye. In this example the cloth has been folded to make long narrow pleats which are then sewn together so they receive no dye.



The cloth is made up of two lengths of cotton shirting that were sewn together to form a shape that is roughly square so it could be used as a wraparound skirt. Adire was not a prestigious form of cloth but it was extremely popular during the early 1960s when this example was bought for the museum in the city of Ibadan in south-western Nigeria.

Associated Objects
Collection
Accession Number
CIRC.594-1965

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record createdMarch 12, 2008
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