Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), vol. II; known as Codex Forster II thumbnail 1
Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), vol. II; known as Codex Forster II thumbnail 2
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Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), vol. II; known as Codex Forster II

Manuscript
c.1495-1497 (written)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

This volume is part of a set of five notebooks bound in three volumes (no. I and no. II are in two parts). In them, Leonardo da Vinci wrote his notes on a wide variety of subjects: perspective, light and shade, the human figure, the practice of painting, the artist's materials, the history of the art of painting, studies and sketches for pictures and decorations, sculpture, architecture, anatomy, physiology, maxims, morals, fables, jests and tales, prophecies, draughts and schemes for his humorous writings, etc.
read Leonardo da Vinci's notebooks Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519) was an Italian Renaissance architect, musician, inventor, engineer, sculptor, and painter. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived. His notebooks contain diagram...
interact Explore Leonardo da Vinci's notebooks: Codex Forster II Famous worldwide as the painter of such masterpieces as the Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519) is also renowned for his notebooks in which he recorded his thoughts and inventions. Five of these fascinating notebooks, bound into three small volumes, have been in our collection since...
object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Paper, bound in parchment.
Brief Description
Manuscript, Codex Forster II, notebooks by Leonardo da Vinci, Milan, c. 1495-1497.
Physical Description
This notebook is volume II in a set of three written by Leonardo da Vinci between the late 15th century and the early 16th century. This ensemble comprises in fact five of his notebooks bound into three volumes. They contain texts, diagrams and drawings and are written in Italian, in mirror script.

Volume II contains two of these notebooks and is made up of 316 pages. They were bound together before 1608/14 and are designated as Codex Forster II1 (ff. 1-63v; compiled c. 1495, Milan) and Codex Forster II2 (ff. 64r-160v; compiled c.1495-1497, Milan).



The two other volumes are MSL/1876/Forster/141/I and MSL/1876/Forster/141/III.



The bindings on all three volumes (Codex Forster I-III) are, according to Nicholas Pickwoad, the result of two campaigns: the notebooks were probably sewn in their current structures with full cartonnage covers in Italy in the late 16th century, while their parchment bindings are considered to have been made in Spain in the early 17th century (see Watson 2011, p. 633).
Dimensions
  • Head to tail of closed m s in binding height: 102mm (Closed)
  • Width of closed m s in binding width: 82mm (closed)
  • Depth of m s closed in binding depth: 34mm (closed)
Production typeUnique
Gallery Label
NOTEBOOK (CODEX FORSTER II²) About 1495-1497 Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) The V&A has five of Leonardo's notebooks, bound together in three volumes probably in the 17th century. This one was compiled over a number of years while Leonardo worked for Duke Ludovico Sforza in Milan. It contains notes and diagrams on the theory of weights, stresses and balances. The page displayed examines effective pulley systems. The left-hand page shows a diagram of figures lifting a weight from different angles. Italy, Milan Penk and ink on paper Bequeathed by John Forster Museum no. MSL/1876/Forster/141 (24/03/2018)
Credit line
Bequeathed by John Forster 1876
Object history
Among the manuscripts inherited from Leonardo by Francesco Melzi (1491/3-c.1570) and bequeathed to his son Orazio Melzi. Acquired by Pompeo Leoni (1533-1608), sculptor at the court of King Philip II of Spain. In a German-speaking country in the 19th century (inscription on f. 1r of Codex I1). Acquired by Edward Robert Bulwer- Lytton (1831-1891), first earl of Lytton, probably in Vienna (see Richter 1883, p. 490), and given to John Forster (1812-1876) before August 1865 (see letter dated 11 August 1865 of Edward Bulwer-Lytton to his wife Edith published in E. Lutyens, The Birth of Rowland: an exchange of letters in 1865 between Robert Lytton and his wife, London: Hart-Davis, 1956, p. 115); part of the Forster bequest to the Museum in 1876.
Summary
This volume is part of a set of five notebooks bound in three volumes (no. I and no. II are in two parts). In them, Leonardo da Vinci wrote his notes on a wide variety of subjects: perspective, light and shade, the human figure, the practice of painting, the artist's materials, the history of the art of painting, studies and sketches for pictures and decorations, sculpture, architecture, anatomy, physiology, maxims, morals, fables, jests and tales, prophecies, draughts and schemes for his humorous writings, etc.
Associated Objects
Bibliographic References
  • J. P. Richter, The Literary Works of Leonardo, 2 vols, London: S. Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1883.Vol. II, esp. pp. 486-488 and 490.
  • Watson, R. Western Illuminated Manuscripts.Victoria and Albert Museum. A catalogue of works in the National Art Library from the eleventh to the early twentieth century, with a complete account of the George Reid Collection. London, 2011.Vol. II, no. 119 (with full bibliography).
  • C. Bambach, Leonardo da Vinci Rediscovered, 4 vols, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2019.Esp. vol. II, pp. 71-74.
  • LEAF THROUGH THE FULL MANUSCRIPT ONLINE.
  • LEARN MORE ABOUT THE NOTEBOOKS.
Collection
Library Number
MSL/1876/Forster/141/II

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record createdFebruary 14, 2017
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