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Oil painting - View of Tivoli
  • View of Tivoli
    Lint, Hendrik Frans van, born 1684 - died 1763
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View of Tivoli

  • Object:

    Oil painting

  • Place of origin:

    Rome (painted)

  • Date:

    1731 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Lint, Hendrik Frans van, born 1684 - died 1763 (painter (artist))

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oil on canvas

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by Mrs Duroure

  • Museum number:

    305-1864

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Hendrik van Lint (1684-1763), born in Antwerp, was the son of the painter Pieter van Lint and trained with the battles painter Peter van Bredael (ca. 1629-ca. 1719) in 1697. He settled in Rome around 1710 and joined the Netherlandish confraternity of painters working there, the Schildersbent, from whom he received the nickname 'Studio' for his attention to details. He specialised with success in 'vedute' paintings and Italianate landscapes.

Although the buildings are difficult to identify, the subject matter of this painting is generally accepted as a view of Tivoli, a small city near Rome. This work is a typical example of van Lint's prolific output of vedute and Italianate landscapes executed in Rome and its surroundings reminiscent of the art of Claude Lorrain.

Physical description

A distant view of a city in a warm golden light on the edge of a wood where some peasants and children are resting.

Place of Origin

Rome (painted)

Date

1731 (painted)

Artist/maker

Lint, Hendrik Frans van, born 1684 - died 1763 (painter (artist))

Materials and Techniques

Oil on canvas

Marks and inscriptions

'HF van Lint Fct Ro 1731'
'Hendrik Frans Van Lint painted in Rome 1731'
Signed and dated by the artist, lower right

Dimensions

Height: 46.9 cm estimate, Width: 71.6 cm estimate, :

Object history note

Bequeathed by Mrs Duroure, 1864
The V&A central inventory indicates that 305-312-1864 were bequeathed by Mrs Duroure and the annual report of the Science and Art Department, which describes briefly the individual works.
A hand written note (Kauffmann?) in the Paintings object files reads:

'the Duroure pictures are described in the letter of acceptance g 6.4.1864 as follows:
2 small Dutch pictures- drinking subjects
1 landscape, Roman
1 Rubens, Samson and lion
1 Simon Vouel [sic]
1 Sir Walter Raleigh
2 Landscapes, Waterloo'

Historical significance: This painting is a typical example of Hendrik Frans van Lint's 'vedute' paintings inspired by Claude Lorrain, whose compositions he copied and whose style he adapted to 18th-century taste, with paler and clearer tones, prettier colours and sharper handling. Van Lint painted a number of Italian views of this type: closely related in style and subject matter are a Landscape with an Italian Hill Town in The National Gallery, London and a View of Caprarola, previously in Finarte, Rome. Although it does not seem possible to identify any of the buildings, the traditional identification of the painting as a view of Tivoli is plausible.

Historical context note

Dutch and Flemish painters active in Rome between the early 17th and early 18th centuries produced numerous Italianate landscapes representing pastoral subjects bathed in warm southern light, in an Italian, or specifically Roman, setting. At Rome towards the end of the 17th century, Jacob de Heusch (1656-1701), Hendrik Frans van Lint (1684-1763), Jan Frans van Bloemen and, above all, Gaspar van Wittel (Vanvitelli), laid the foundations of a local school of vedutisti. The term veduta ('view' in Italian) signifies a landscape or town view that is largely topographical in conception. Famous Italian exponents of the genre include Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778) and Antonio Canaletto (1697-1768). An Italianate landscape style indebted to Claude was perpetuated by an international coterie of artists including Carlo Labruzzi (1748-1817), Jacob More (1740-1793), Nicolas-Didier Boguet (1755-1839), Jacob Philipp Hackert (1737-1807), Georg von Dillis (1759-1841) and Franz Kobell (1749-1822). John Constable (1776-1837) was critical of the genre and by the late 19th century Italianate landscapes had lost favour through the rise of Realism and Impressionism.

Descriptive line

Oil painting, 'View of Tivoli', Hendrik Frans van Lint, 1731

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

C.M. Kauffmann, Catalogue of Foreign Paintings, I. Before 1800, London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1973, pp. 171-72, cat. no. 211.

Materials

Oil paint; Canvas

Techniques

Oil painting

Subjects depicted

Figures; Landscape; Veduta

Categories

Paintings

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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