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Bust - John Raphael Smith
  • John Raphael Smith
    Chantrey, Francis Legatt Sir, born 1781 - died 1841
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John Raphael Smith

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    1825 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Chantrey, Francis Legatt Sir, born 1781 - died 1841 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:


  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 22, The Dorothy and Michael Hintze Galleries, case P2

John Raphael Smith (1751-1812), a famous printmaker and print publisher, was a patron of the sculptor. He was also deaf, and Chantrey was reported as saying that 'the expression of deafness was conveyed principally by the mouth. If you observe a deaf man's mouth, you will always find the lips unclosed when he is attending to you'.

Although the bust is dated some 13 years after Smith's death, it was probably based on a model made during his lifetime. Smith was to have a significant influence on Chantrey, whom he met when he was an apprentice to a restorer and picture-framer. Later, when Chantrey moved to London, Smith helped by introducing him to potential patrons.

Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey (1781-1842) was an English sculptor, painter, and patron. He was probably the most successful portrait sculptor of his day. Together with Flaxman Chantrey can be ranked as England's greatest sculptor engaging in portrait busts and statues. He was particularly skilled in carving drapery. On his death he left a fortune of £150,000 which was later bequeathed to the Royal Academy to be used for the 'Encouragement of British Fine Art in Painting and Sculpture'.

Physical description

Signed and dated on the back.

Place of Origin

England (made)


1825 (made)


Chantrey, Francis Legatt Sir, born 1781 - died 1841 (artist)

Materials and Techniques


Marks and inscriptions

'CHANTREY, S.C./1825'
signed and dated on the back


Height: 66 cm

Object history note

Commissioned by Sir Simon Clarke Bt.; an entry in Chantrey's ledger on 16 December 1827 records the cost of the bust, £105, but it was still in Chantrey's studio on 14 February 1835. Given by Mrs O. Stuart Andreae and her sister Miss South, Kenna House, Kensington Palace Gardens, London in 1920.

Descriptive line

Bust, marble, of John Raphael Smith, by Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey, England, 1825

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Whinney, Margaret. English Sculpture 1720-1830. London : H.M.S.O., 1971, p. 148
Potts, Alex and Pettman, Mary (eds) Sir Francis Chantrey, 1781-1841 : Sculptor of the Great. London: National Portrait Gallery, 1981, cat.10
Whinney, Margaret. Sculpture in Britain 1530 to 1830. 2nd ed. London, 1988, p. 422, pl. 314
Penny, Nicholas. Catalogue of European Sculpture in the Ashmolean Museum, 1540 to the present day. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992, vol.3, p.244
Yarrington, Alison, et al. The fifty-sixth volume of the Walpole Society : 1991/1992. An edition of the ledger of Sir Francis Chantrey, R.A. at the Royal Academy, 1809-1841. London: Printed for the Walpole Society, 1994, p. 200, no. 176b.
Bilbey, Diane and Trusted, Marjorie. British Sculpture 1470- 2000. A Concise Catalogue of the Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 2002, p. 235-236, cat. no. 258
Rosenblum, Robert. Citizens and Kings: Portraits in the Age of Revolution, 1760-1830. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2007, cat.83




Sculpture; Portraits


Sculpture Collection

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