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Wedding dress

Wedding dress

  • Place of origin:

    England (made)

  • Date:

    1841 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Block-printed cotton, part-lined with linen, hand sewn

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Sheila Battram and Linda Grantham

  • Museum number:

    T.27-2006

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Sarah Maria Wright (1817 – 1908) wore this dress for her marriage to Daniel Neal (1816 – 1907) on 27 July 1841 at St. Nicholas' Church in Skirbeck, Lincolnshire. It was donated together with a spelling book which she inscribed with her name on February 15th, 1826.

In the 1851 census Daniel is described as living at Woad Farm House in Skirbeck, Lincolnshire, where he was probably working as a labourer in the production of woad. The dress therefore reveals the type of clothing rural labourers' wives might wear for their weddings. Such objects tend to survive in much smaller quantities than fashionable wedding dress as they would have been worn for Sunday best long after the event, or handed down.

Sarah chose a fashionable design for her dress with its full sleeves, low neckline, gathered shoulders and full skirt. It is, however, made of printed cotton which would have been cheaper than the silks and challis fabrics of costlier wedding dresses. The print is a copy of more expensive designs which again adds interest as such textiles do not tend to survive.

Physical description

This long day dress has a low neck and sleeves which are gathered at the shoulder and then full to the wrist. It also has a narrow waist and gathered skirts. The white fabric is printed with an abstract design resembling ribbons and bubbles in cream, pink, blue and and purple ink. The bodice has been carefully enlarged.

Place of Origin

England (made)

Date

1841 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Block-printed cotton, part-lined with linen, hand sewn

Dimensions

Circumference: 71 cm waist, Circumference: 91 cm bust, Width: 35 cm across back, Length: 32.5 cm bodice, Length: 129.5 cm overall length, Length: 101 cm skirt, Circumference: 320 cm hem, Length: 60 cm outside sleeve, approximate, Length: 50 cm under sleeve, Circumference: 18 cm wristband

Object history note

This dress was worn by Sarah Maria Wright (1817-1908) at her marriage to Daniel Neal (1816-1907) which took place at St. Nicholas Skirbeck on 27 July 1841. In the 1851 census the couple were living with their son William at Woad House Farm, Skirbeck. Daniel is described as an agricultural labourer. In the 1841 census Sarah is listed as living with her family at Skirbeck Bank. They include Daniel Wright, aged 38, also an agricultural labourer. Woad was producded in Skirbeck until 1932.

Dr. Philip Sykas has dated the block-printed cotton to c. 1840. The 'ribbon' motifs may have been printed from an ombre (rainbowed) block, and could be an example of the use of the toby tub to print several colours at once, thus reducing the cost of the print. It appears to be a middle-quality print, from the spring season, and no more than one year out of date as ombre styles were being revived around the start of the 1840s.

Historical significance: This dress is a rare example of a dress chosen by a working-class bride for her wedding.

Descriptive line

Wedding dress, white cotton block-printed with ribbons and bubbles in cream, pink, blue and purple ink, worn 1840-50, made in England.

Labels and date

Cotton print wedding dress
Britain
1841, with later alterations

Many women, particularly those with less money, wore coloured wedding dresses, which were more practical than white. When Sarah Maria Wright married Daniel Neal, a farm labourer from Lincolnshire, she chose washable printed cotton. The pattern is up-to-date but the cut of the dress follows the silhouette of the mid- to late-1830s, reflecting the slower pace of changing fashion in rural communities.

Block-printed cotton, lined with linen
Given by Sheila Battram and Linda Grantham
V&A: T.27-2006 [2011]

Materials

Cotton

Techniques

Block printing; Hand sewing

Categories

Fashion; Textiles; Marriage; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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