Frontispiece from the Giltlingen Psalter thumbnail 1
Frontispiece from the Giltlingen Psalter thumbnail 2
Image of Gallery in South Kensington
On display at V&A South Kensington
Paintings, Room 88a, The Edwin and Susan Davies Galleries

Frontispiece from the Giltlingen Psalter

Manuscript Cutting
1494-1495 (made), 19th century (overpainting)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

Frontispiece leaf showing St Ulrich, bishop of Augsburg, with a fish in his left hand, and St Afra, clasping the tree to which she was bound at her martyrdom by fire. In the lower part of the miniature, the scribe Leonhard Wagner presents the psalter to its patron, Johann von Giltlingen, abbot of the imperial abbey of Saint Ulrich and Saint Afra in Augsburg from 1482-1496. St Jude (or Matthew?) with hatchet in his right hand stands behind Wagner, as his patron saint. Giltlingen's arms (argent, three eagles sable) are painted in the foreground. The arms of Ulrich (Kyburg) and Afra (1 and 4 Jerusalem; 2 and 3 Lusignan are of Cyprus) feature in the upper corners.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
With substantial 19th-century overpainting.
Brief Description
Frontispiece to the Giltlingen Psalter made for the Abbey of Saints Ulrich and Afra, Augsburg, 1494-1495, with 19th-century overpainting. A duplicate number MS.425 was assigned to this object in error and was subsequently cancelled.
Physical Description
Frontispiece leaf showing St Ulrich, bishop of Augsburg, with a fish in his left hand, and St Afra, clasping the tree to which she was bound at her martyrdom by fire. In the lower part of the miniature, the scribe Leonhard Wagner presents the psalter to its patron, Johann von Giltlingen, abbot of the imperial abbey of Saint Ulrich and Saint Afra in Augsburg from 1482-1496. St Jude (or Matthew?) with hatchet in his right hand stands behind Wagner, as his patron saint. Giltlingen's arms (argent, three eagles sable) are painted in the foreground. The arms of Ulrich (Kyburg) and Afra (1 and 4 Jerusalem; 2 and 3 Lusignan are of Cyprus) feature in the upper corners.

Dimensions
  • Height: 385mm
  • Width: 265mm
Production typeUnique
Object history
(1) From a psalter made in 1494-1495 for the abbey of Saint Ulrich and Saint Afra in Augsburg, commissioned by Johannes von Giltlingen (abbot from 1482-1496) who is depicted on this leaf, together with his coat of arms; illuminated by Georg Beck (1450-1512) and his son Leonhard Beck (circa 1480‒1542).

The leaf was still in the psalter in 1793 when it was described in the catalogue of the abbey's library.

(2) Collection of William Horatio Crawford, Lakelands Library, Co. Cork, Ireland: his sale, Sotheby's London, 12 March 1891 and 11 following days, lot 1663 (sold for £21 to Quaritch)

(3) Bought by the South Kensington Museum from Quaritch for £28 in 1892 on the instigation of James Weale.



The frontispiece was submitted to extensive overpainting in the 19th-century.

The psalter it came from is: Augsburg, Staatsbibliothek, fol. Cod. 49a.
Production
With 19th-century overpainting.
Bibliographic References
  • Braun, Placidus, Notitia Historico-Literaria De Codicibus Manuscriptis in Bibliotheca Monasterii SS. Udalricum et Afram Augustae extantibus, III, 1793, p. 100.
  • Bradley, J.W. Historical introduction to the collection of illuminated letters and borders in the National Art Library. London: 1901.p. 131, pl. 8.
  • Exhibition of early German art, London: printed for the Burlington Fine Arts Club, 1906.pp. 119-120, no. 22.
  • Catalogue of Miniatures, Leaves, and Cuttings from Illuminated Manuscripts. Victoria and Albert Museum. Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design, by S.C. Cockerell and C. Harcourt Smith (London: HMSO, 1923, 2nd edition).p. 36 (with ill.).
  • Steingräber, E., Die kirchliche Buchmalerei Augsburgs um 1500, Augsburg: Verlag Die Brigg, [1956].pp. 21, 24, 49, n. 30, 62, no. 28, pl. 12.
  • German Art 1400-1800 from collections in Great Britain, Manchester, 1961p. 16, no. 22, with repr.
  • Harthan J.P.An introduction to illuminated manuscripts. London: 1983.p. 44, pl. 29 (in colour).
  • Hans Holbein der Ältere und die Kunst der Spätgotik, Augsburg, 1965.p. 175, no. 235.
  • Rowlands, J. and Bartrum, G., The Age of Dürer and Holbein : German drawings 1400-1550, London : Published for the Trustees of the British Museum by British Museum Publications, 1988.no. 148.
  • Krämer, S. and Bernhard M., Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz. Ergänzungsband ;1, 3 vols, Munich: Beck, 1989-1990.Vol. 1, p. 41.
  • Hindman, S., Camille, M., Rowe, N. and Watson, R., Manuscript illumination in the Modern Age, Evanston, Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, 2001.pp. 157, 212, pl. 20 and fig. 82 (first publication to note the later overpainting).
Other Number
425 - Cancelled number
Collection
Accession Number
D.86-1892

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record createdJune 30, 2009
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