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Salt

Salt

  • Place of origin:

    London (made)

  • Date:

    1726-1727 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Tanqueray, Anne, born 1691 - died 1733 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver with gilt interior

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Major A.J.Carter D.S.O. and his wife

  • Museum number:

    M.414-1927

  • Gallery location:

    Silver, Room 65, The Whiteley Galleries, case 18

A pair of salt cellars, of circular form on short stem and spreading foot, with gilded interiors, for setting in front of each guest on the dinner table. They bear the maker's mark of Anne Tanqueray, daughter and wife of Huguenot goldsmiths, who registered her maker's marks after the death of her husband David Tanqueray. London, 1726-1728

Physical description

One of a pair of circular silver salt cellars, the bowl gilt inside and decorated with a band of foliage in relief, resting on a short stem, with spreading moulded foot. Engraved with two armorial crests.

Place of Origin

London (made)

Date

1726-1727 (made)

Artist/maker

Tanqueray, Anne, born 1691 - died 1733 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Silver with gilt interior

Marks and inscriptions

two armorial crests
Not identified

Town mark: London

6 oz 13 dwt
6 ounces 13 penny weights
scratch weight

Dimensions

Height: 4.75 cm, Length: 8.75 cm, Weight: 186.1 g

Object history note

Bequest - Mrs Aubrey Carter (Widow of Major Carter)
Acquisition RF: 27 / 3603
Exhibitions: The Quiet Conquest , Museum of London, May - November, 1985, Cat No. 341 pp.236

Anne Tanqueray was the elder daughter and first child of the Huguenot refugee goldsmith David Willaume I. She was baptized in ‘Sohaut’ 14 July 1691. She married her father's apprentice David Tanqueray in 1717, although he only obtained his freedom in 1722. On her husband’s death she entered two marks (Sterling and New Standard) which were struck alongside his own in the original entry 1713; his name was struck through and her name written above. This is the only occurrence of this alteration to an entry that appears to have happened. The usual practice was for a widow to be given a new entry in the correct chronological position in the register. The date of David’s death is not yet known, but Anne’s second son Thomas was not born until September 1724, so he couldn’t have died before January of that year.
Anne Tanqueray was buried at Tingrith, Bedfordshire, 25 July 1733. Her will was proved 21 November 1733.

Historical context note

The word cellar is a corruption of the French word saliere, a salt holder. Small salts are often called trencher salts and were intended to be placed close to each setting or 'trencher', one for each guest.

Descriptive line

A circular silver salt cellar, gilded inside, on short stem with spreading moulded foot

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Hayward, J F., Huguenot Silver, 1959
Grimwade, A., London Goldsmiths 1697-1837, 1982, pp. 676-677

Labels and date

Salts
PAIR, SILVER_GILT, ANNE TANQUERAY, LONDON, 1726

The circular cup-shaped salt, more graceful than the typical English trencher salt, was introduced by the Huguenot goldsmiths. They were frequently gilded inside to protect the silver from the chemical reaction caused by the salt.
Anne Tanqueray was the daughter of the goldsmith David Willaume and married in 1717 another Huguenot goldsmith, David Tanqueray. She carried on her husband's business after his death. [1985]
[1985]

Materials

Silver; Gold leaf

Techniques

Moulding; Engraving; Raising

Subjects depicted

Dining

Categories

Eating; Silver; Tools & Equipment

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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