¡¡Mujeres!! Trabajad En La Retaguardia

Poster
ca. 1937 (made)
Image of Gallery in South Kensington
On display at V&A South Kensington
Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

In the early months of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), women fought on the Republican front line in a spirit of revolutionary idealism and gender equality. However, from March 1937, marking a move back towards the conservative tradition of segregated roles, women were required to work on the home front. This poster suggests that their new roles (symbolised by the typist, seamstress and nurse) were equally important to the Republican cause.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Additional TitleWomen!! Work in the Rearguard (assigned by artist)
Materials and Techniques
Colour lithograph
Brief Description
Spanish Civil War poster by Jesus Lozano entitled '¡¡Mujeres!! Trabajad En La Retaguardia'. Spain, ca. 1937.
Physical Description
Image of three women shown in three-quarter length. The image recedes on the diagonal from the lower left to upper right corner. The woman in the foreground wears green and is cutting medical gauze with a pair of scissors. The figure in the middle ground wears white and is seated behind a sewing machine. The background figure is adjusting the mechanism on a typewriter. Spanish text printed in black and red across the upper margin.
Dimensions
  • Height: 100.3cm
  • Width: 68.6cm
Marks and Inscriptions
  • ¡¡MJUERES!! (the leading exclamation marks and M-U-J are printed in black, the E-R-E-S!! is printed in red)
  • TRABAJAD EN LA/ RETAGUARDIA (printed in black capital letters)
Credit line
Gift of the American Friends of the V&A; Gift to the American Friends by Leslie, Judith and Gabri Schreyer and Alice Schreyer Batko
Subjects depicted
Summary
In the early months of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), women fought on the Republican front line in a spirit of revolutionary idealism and gender equality. However, from March 1937, marking a move back towards the conservative tradition of segregated roles, women were required to work on the home front. This poster suggests that their new roles (symbolised by the typist, seamstress and nurse) were equally important to the Republican cause.
Bibliographic Reference
The Militant Poster 1936-1985. Dagmar Finkova and Sylva Petrova. International Organization of Journalists. Prague. 1986.
Other Number
LS.612 - Leslie Schreyer Loan Number
Collection
Accession Number
E.84-2004

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record createdJune 15, 2004
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