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Vase

Vase

  • Place of origin:

    Paris (made)

  • Date:

    1896 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Chaplet, Ernest, born 1835 - died 1909 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Porcelain, with high temperature flambé glaze

  • Museum number:

    488-1896

  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 139, The Curtain Foundation Gallery, case 38, shelf 5

This vase is by the French ceramicist Ernest Chaplet (1835-1909). Chaplet trained at Sèvres in decoration, design and ceramic techniques and went on to work at Choisy-le-Roi, then at the Laurin pottery at Bourg-la-Reine and from 1875 for the Limoges company, Charles Haviland & cie, in a workshop at Auteuil. There he developed new techniques on stoneware and porcelain. In the early 1880s he moved to a new Haviland studio in Vaugirard, Paris, that was ceded to him in 1886. He worked there independently, moving out to his own studio at Choisy-le-Roi the following year. He became increasingly preoccupied with the relationship between material, form and colour, experimenting endlessly.

The distinctive colouring of this vase demonstrates Chaplet's interest in glaze effects and is inspired by Chinese ceramics. The high-temperature copper-red flammée glazes of 18th century Chinese porcelain became the subject of intensive research and experiment in the years around 1900, both by factories and individual makers. Their re-creation depended entirely on the potter's knowledge of chemistry as well as his skill at firing these dramatic and unpredictable glazes. The technique produced a range of colours from a deep bright red through a spectrum of violet, blue, green, purple and combinations of all of these. Chaplet kept his own recipes a closely guarded secret. Towards the end of his life, when blindness brought his career as a potter to its end, Chaplet destroyed all his notebooks.

Physical description

Porcelain vase, with bulbous body, long neck, with purplish-red glaze

Place of Origin

Paris (made)

Date

1896 (made)

Artist/maker

Chaplet, Ernest, born 1835 - died 1909 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Porcelain, with high temperature flambé glaze

Marks and inscriptions

unmarked

Dimensions

Height: 20.6 cm, Diameter: 9.8 cm

Object history note

Bought from Messrs Berguin & Varangier, 26 rue Vignon, Paris for £3.19.6

Historical significance: Ernest Chaplet (1835-1909), born at Sèvres, began work at the State factory at the age of 12. He became a highly skilled ceramicist working in potteries at Choisy-le-Roi and Bourg-la-Reine and then for the Limoges manufacturers, the Haviland brothers, at a new workshop in Auteuil. In 1881 Haviland provided him with a studio at rue Blomet, Vaugirard, Paris. There he developed high temperature glazes on porcelain, and on stoneware. In 1886 he bought the workshop and concentrated on these glazes, as an independent potter, keeping his glazes recipes and firing temperatures a closely-guarded secret. He was regarded by his contemporaries as the consummate ceramicist. Chaplet sold the workshop to August Delaherche in 1887 and moved back to Choisy-le-Roi where he specialised in porcelain..

Descriptive line

Porcelain vase, with bulbous body, long neck, with purplish-red glaze, Ernest Chaplet, Paris, 1896

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs: Ernest Chaplet, catalogue, 1976
d'Albis, J.: 'Chaplet Master Potter', in Connoisseur, ?June, 1976, pp129-136
Roger-Marx: 'Souvenirs sur Ernest Chaplet'; Art et Decoration, xxvii, Jan-June, 1910, pp.89-98
pp.196-7
Greenhalgh, Paul (Ed.), Art Nouveau: 1890-1914 . London: V&A Publications, 2000

Labels and date

Label for 'American and European Art and Design 1800-1900', Gallery 101, de-canted March 2017:

'8
Narrow-necked vase
about 1896

Chaplet specialised in a difficult firing technique known as flambé. It produced a wide range of colours, from a deep bright red, through violet and purple to green and blue, as well as combinations of all these. He jealously guarded his methods and, when blindnedd ended his career as a postter, he destroyed his notebooks.

France, Choisy-le-Roi; made by
Ernest Chaplet
Porcelain, with flambé glaze

Museum no. 488-1896' []

Categories

Ceramics; Porcelain; Vases

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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