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Statue - Theseus and the Minotaur
  • Theseus and the Minotaur
    Canova, Antonio, born 1757 - died 1822
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Theseus and the Minotaur

  • Object:

    Statue

  • Place of origin:

    Rome (made)

  • Date:

    1782 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Canova, Antonio, born 1757 - died 1822 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Marble

  • Credit Line:

    Purchased with the assistance of The Art Fund

  • Museum number:

    A.5-1962

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 22, The Dorothy and Michael Hintze Galleries, case FS []

The legendary Greek hero Theseus sits astride the minotaur whom he has just killed. Coils of thread used by Theseus to retrace his steps from the minotaur's lair can be seen by the minotaur's left leg. This was one of Canova's earliest completed works after he left Venice to settle in Rome, in 1781. The massive block of marble from which this group was carved was given to Canova by his patron Girolamo Zulian, who was Venetian ambassador in Rome. Zulian gave Canova the choice of subject for the work, and he decided on one of the stories from Ovid's Metamorphoses.

The Scottish painter, archaeologist and dealer, Gavin Hamilton (1723-1798), who was a friend of Canova, advised that he should portray Theseus and the Minotaur after their struggle. He considered that Canova would gain more favour and critical acclaim if he were to create a static group rather than a violent one. The sculpture did indeed receive widespread acclaim, and helped establish Canova's reputation as the leading European sculptor of his day. By the time Canova finished the work, his patron Zulian had moved to Constantinople, and he therefore gave the sculpture to Canova. Canova sold it to Graf Fries, and it was transported to Vienna. Later it was acquired by the 3rd Marquis of Londonderry and was installed in Londonderry House, probably during the 1820s. The contents of the house were sold in the 1960s prior to its demolition, when the Museum acquired it.

Physical description

Theseus seated on the prostrate Minotaur, holds a club in his left hand and rests his right on the left leg of his victim.

Place of Origin

Rome (made)

Date

1782 (made)

Artist/maker

Canova, Antonio, born 1757 - died 1822 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Marble

Dimensions

Height: 145.4 cm, Length: 158.7 cm, Width: 91.4 cm, Weight: 940 kg marble group, Weight: 238 kg base

Object history note

Bought with the assistance of the National Art-Collections Fund (£1000) for £3000 from the Executor of the 7th Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Nathan).

Descriptive line

Statue, marble, of Theseus and the Minotaur, by Antonio Canova, made in Rome, 1782

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Williamson, Paul (ed), European Sculpture at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, Victoria & Albert Museum, 1996, pp. 168-9
Baker, Malcolm, Figured in Marble. The Making and Viewing of Eighteenth-Century Sculpture, London, 2000, frontispiece (engraving)
p. 29, ill. p. 30, fig. 10
Bindman, David. Warm Flesh, Cold Marble - Canova, Thorvaldsen and their Critics, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2014

Materials

Marble

Subjects depicted

Thread; Club

Categories

Sculpture; Myths & Legends

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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