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Tray

Tray

  • Place of origin:

    Weimar (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1925 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Dell, Christian, born 1893 - died 1974 (designer)
    Dell, Christian, born 1893 - died 1974 (maker)
    Bauhaus (workshop)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Silver

  • Museum number:

    CIRC.262-1970

  • Gallery location:

    Silver, Room 68, The Whiteley Galleries, case 6, shelf 1

Christian Dell (1893-1974) was one of the designers who played a formative role in shaping the Bauhaus style. Before going to the Bauhaus in Weimer in 1922, Christian Dell served an exacting apprenticeship as a silversmith, spending the years 1907-12 at the Schleissner & Söhne silver factory in Hanau as an apprentice while studying at the "Königlich Preußischen Zeichenakademie" in Hanau. In 1913 Christian Dell worked as a silversmith in Dresden before going to the "Kunstgewerbeschule" in Weimar, where he met Henry van de Velde.

After serving in the armed forces, Christian Dell was a journeyman in 1918-20 and then went to work in Munich as a master silversmith for Hestermann & Ernst. In 1920 Christian Dell went to Berlin to work for the silversmith Emil Lettré.

Then Dell returned to Hanau and re-enrolled at the "Preußische Zeichenakademie". From 1922 until 1925 Christian Dell was a works master in the metalworking workshop at the "Bauhaus" in Weimar, where he collaborated closely with László Moholy-Nagy and produced numerous designs for office and workplace metal light fittings.

From 1926 until he was dismissed from his post by the National Socialists, Christian Dell was head of the metalworking workshop at the "Frankfurter Kunstschule". There he designed a great deal of lighting, including the "Rondella-Polo" (1926-27) table lamp and the "Idell" range, which was mass produced mainly by Kaiser & Co., Rondella, and, later, also by Bünte & Remmler.

Physical description

Tray, silver. Part of a service. A flat oval tray with a raised oval rim which is wider at the two ends than at the sides. The rim is set at a slight angle rising outwards from the flat base of the tray.

Place of Origin

Weimar (made)

Date

ca. 1925 (made)

Artist/maker

Dell, Christian, born 1893 - died 1974 (designer)
Dell, Christian, born 1893 - died 1974 (maker)
Bauhaus (workshop)

Materials and Techniques

Silver

Marks and inscriptions

Monogram and marks on base of all pieces (stamped 900 and with Dell’s monogram)

Dimensions

Length: 50 cm Across front of the tray (maximum), Width: 30 cm Front to back across the front of the tray (maximum), Depth: 2 cm Base to rim of tray

Object history note

From a tea and coffee service. Dell served his apprenticeship in Hanau before working as a silversmith in Dresden while being trained at the Kunstgewerbeschule under Henri Van de Velde. After military service in the first world war, he worked for Emil Lettré in Berlin before joining the Bauhaus in 1922 where he was head of the metal workshop until 1925, working closely with Lásló Moholy-Nagy. Unlike many of his Bauhaus colleagues, he did not reject historicism entirely and yet nonetheless, his silver during his period at the Bauhaus is strongly geometrical in character. From 1926 until 1933, he taught at the Frankfurt Art School as well as design several light fittings for industrial mass production. He was removed from his teaching post in 1933 by the Nazi government and later set up his own jewellery business in Wiesbaden.

Descriptive line

Tray, silver, Germany, Weimar, designed and made by Christian Dell, ca.1925

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

L'Esprit du Bauhaus, ed. by Chloé Demey. Catalogue of the exhibition at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, 19 October 2016 - 26 February 2017. Paris: Les Arts Décoratifs / Fondation d'entreprise Hermès, 2016. ISBN 9782916914633

Materials

Silver

Techniques

Raising

Categories

Metalwork; Tea, Coffee & Chocolate wares

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Metalwork Collection

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