Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Akbar and Azim Khan at Dipalpur

  • Object:

    Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Mughal Empire (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1590-95 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Jagan (maker)
    Asir (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper

  • Museum number:

    IS.2:95-1896

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is the left side of a double-page image from the Akbarnama depicting Akbar being entertained by his foster brother Azim Khan at Dipalpur in the Panjab in 1571. This side shows attendants with horses and gifts, a trained hunting cheetah, a falconer and elephants. Akbar himself is depicted on the right-hand page, IS.2:94-1896.

The Akbarnama was commissioned by the emperor Akbar as the official chronicle of his reign. It was written by his court historian and biographer Abu'l Fazl between 1590 and 1596 and is thought to have been illustrated between about 1592 and 1594 by at least 49 different artists from Akbar's studio. After Akbar's death in 1605, the manuscript remained in the library of his son, Jahangir (r. 1605-1627) and later Shah Jahan (r.1628-1658). The Victoria and Albert Museum purchased it in 1896 from Mrs Frances Clarke, the widow of Major-General John Clarke, who bought it in India while serving as Commissioner of Oudh between 1858 and 1862.

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour and gold on paper, the left side of a double picture showing Akbar being entertained by his foster brother Azim Khan at Dipalpur in the Panjab in 1571. This side depicts attendants with horses and gifts, a trained hunting cheetah and falcon and servants carrying a throne inside the tented enclosure, and elephants and their riders outside, at top left.
This is on the same folio as IS.2:92-1896.

Place of Origin

Mughal Empire (made)

Date

ca. 1590-95 (made)

Artist/maker

Jagan (maker)
Asir (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'Tarh Jagan/amal Surdas/chehra nami Madhav'
'Composition by Jagan/Work [ie painting] by Surdas/Faces by Madhav'
These are attributions in Persian, written in red ink at the bottom of the page, by a contemporary librarian.

Dimensions

Height: 32.4 cm painting, Width: 18.6 cm painting

Object history note

The Akbarnama was commissioned by the emperor Akbar as the official chronicle of his reign. It was written by his court historian and biographer Abu'l Fazl between 1590 and 1596 and is thought to have been illustrated between c. 1592 and 1594 by at least forty-nine different artists from Akbar's studio. After Akbar's death in 1605, the manuscript remained in the library of his son, Jahangir (r. 1605-1627) and later Shah Jahan (r. 1628-1658). The Victoria and Albert Museum purchased the manuscript in 1896 from Mrs Frances Clarke, the widow of Major-General John Clarke, who had bought it while serving as Commissioner of Oudh, India, between 1858 and 1862.

Historical significance: This is thought to be the first illustrated copy of the Akbarnama. It drew upon the expertise of some of the best royal painters of the time, many of whom receive special mention by Abu'l Fazl in the A'in-i-Akbari, the third book of the Akbarnama.

Descriptive line

Painting, Akbarnama, Akbar entertained by Azim Khan at Dipalpur, outline by Jagan, painting by Asir, opaque watercolour and gold on paper, Mughal, ca. 1586-1589

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

cat. no. 8, p. 75.
India's fabled city : the art of courtly Lucknow / Stephen Markel with Tushara Bindu Gude ; and contributions by Muzaffar Alam ... [et al.]. Munich ;London: Prestel, Johann Gottlieb, c2010 Number: 9783791350752 (hbk.), 3791350757 (hbk.)

Production Note

Composition by Jagan, painting by Asir.
Attribution place is likely to be Delhi, Agra or Fatehpur Sikri.

Materials

Paper; Opaque watercolour; Paint

Techniques

Painted; Drawing

Subjects depicted

Entertainment; Throne; Ruler; Gifts; Cheetah; Tent; Elephants; Falcon

Categories

ELISE; Images Online; Paintings; Animals and Wildlife; Illustration; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.