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Medal - Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and his consort Maria
  • Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and his consort Maria
    Rosenbaum, Lorenz
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Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and his consort Maria

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    Germany (perhaps, made)
    Italy (perhaps, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1563 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Rosenbaum, Lorenz (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Gilt copper alloy

  • Museum number:

    752-1865

  • Gallery location:

    Sculpture, Room 111, The Gilbert Bayes Gallery, case DR20

This is a gilt copper alloy medal made by Lorenz Rosenbaum and dated 1563. This medal is an obverse only which represents busts of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Consort Mary. Maximilian is bearded and crowned, wears richly decorated armour, the Order of the Golden Fleece. Three holes have been drilled through this medal. This is one of the few medals of the 16th century that could be either German or Italian, perhaps because the courtly subject dictated the style, which could be described as international.

Physical description

This medal is an obverse only, and depicts busts of Maximilian II and his wife facing left. Maximilian is bearded and crowned, wears richly decorated armour, the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Place of Origin

Germany (perhaps, made)
Italy (perhaps, made)

Date

ca. 1563 (made)

Artist/maker

Rosenbaum, Lorenz (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Gilt copper alloy

Marks and inscriptions

'REX - BOHE'
Latin; Obverse, in the field

Dimensions

Diameter: 4.1 cm, Weight: 33.8 g

Object history note

Provenance: Soulages. M. Jules Soulages formed a large collection of decorative art mainly between 1830 and 1840. It was exhibited in Marlborough House, London, sponsored by a group of subscribers in 1856. Several objects were purchased by the then Department of Science and Art between 1859 and 1865.

Descriptive line

Medal, gilt copper alloy, Maximilian II Holy Roman Emperor and his consort Maria, by Lorenz Rosenbaum, Germany, about 1563

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Trusted, Marjorie. German Renaissance Medals. Victoria & Albert Museum, 1990, p. 100
Inventory of Art Objects acquired in the Year 1865. Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol. 1. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 43
Robinson, John Charles. Catalogue of the Soulages Collection. London: Chapman & Hall, 1856, p. 158
cf. Habich, Georg. ed. Die deutschen Schaumünzen des XVI. Jahrhunderts herausgegeben mit Unterstützung der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Notgemeinschaft der deutschen Wissenschaft Auftrag des Deutschen Vereins für Kunstwissenschaft. München: Bruckmann, 1929-1934, I, II, p. 210, no. 1489, pl. CXCIV, 5

Materials

Copper alloy; Gold

Techniques

Gilding

Subjects depicted

Bust; Crown; Order of the golden fleece

Categories

Coins & Medals; Portraits; Royalty

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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