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Medal - Martin Luther

Martin Luther

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    Germany (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1525 - ca. 1550 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Hohenauer, Michael (medallist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Brass

  • Museum number:

    743-1865

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is a brass medal made in Germany, about 1533. The obverse of this medal represents Martin Luther with legend and the reverse shows a cinque-foil resette, with a heart in the centre, and legend.
There is a monogram that has been variously identified to be by Hieronymus Magdeburger or Michael Hohenauer. Although Hohenauer is the more likely, the identity of the medallist remains uncertain. He was probably a Mint-master in Saxony; some of his medals portray the Dukes of Saxony. He possibly worked at the Joachimsthal Mint. (Habich, II, 1, p.272.Habich, G. 'Die Deutschen Medailleure des XVI. Jahrhunderts' Munich, 1929-34).

Physical description

Copper 82.3%, zinc 14.3%. Iron, nickel, lead and tin also present. The blurred surface of this piece suggests it may be a later aftercast of 345-1905.

Place of Origin

Germany (made)

Date

ca. 1525 - ca. 1550 (made)

Artist/maker

Hohenauer, Michael (medallist)

Materials and Techniques

Brass

Marks and inscriptions

'OS x ET x SAPIECIA x DABO x VOBIS x CVI x NO x POTERT x COTDICERE x Z C xxx'
I will give you speech and wisdom which cannot be denied
Latin; Obverse

'MA. /ECS. LUT. WIT. / xLVxZIx'
Martin Luther churchman of Wittenberg
Obverse, around the head

'x I[N] x SILENCIO x ET x SPE x ERIT x FORTITVDO x VESTRA x ESA x 30'
In quietness and in confidence shall be your strength. Isaiah 30
Latin; Reverse

Dimensions

Diameter: 42.5 mm, Weight: 25.9 g

Object history note

Provenance: Soulanges. M. Jules Soulanges formed a large collection of decorative art mainly between 1830 and 1840. It was exhibited in Marlborough House, London, sponsored by a group of subscribers in 1856. Several objects were purchased by the then Department of Science and Art between 1859 and 1865. It was bought from the Soulages collection in 1865.

Descriptive line

Medal, brass, Martin Luther, probably Michael Hohenauer, Germany, ca. 1525-1550

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Trusted, Marjorie. German Renaissance Medals. Victoria & Albert Museum, 1990, p. 79
Inventory of Art Objects acquired in the Year 1865. Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol. 1. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 42
Robinson, John Charles. Catalogue of the Soulages Collection. London: Chapman & Hall, 1856, p. 156
Habich, Georg. ed. Die deutschen Schaumünzen des XVI. Jahrhunderts herausgegeben mit Unterstützung der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Notgemeinschaft der deutschen Wissenschaft Auftrag des Deutschen Vereins für Kunstwissenschaft. München: Bruckmann, 1929-1934, II, I, p. 272, no. 1895, pl. CCI, 4

Production Note

By the same unidentified monogrammist as the related records, probably a Mint-master in Saxony. He possibly worked at the Joachimsthal Mint. (Habich, II, 1, p.272.Habich, G. 'Die Deutschen Medailleure des XVI. Jahrhunderts' Munich, 1929-34.)

Subjects depicted

Rose (flower); Crosses (motifs); Bust; Heart

Categories

Coins & Medals; Portraits; Christianity; Religion

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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