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Manuscript

  • Place of origin:

    Mainz (Rheinland-Pfalz) (illuminated)

  • Date:

    1490 (illuminated)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

  • Museum number:

    1107:19

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case I, shelf 81, box V

This is a page from an Antiphoner. This book contains the choral parts of the Divine Office or Mass celebrated by a monastic or other community. Its size enabled the whole choir to read the music at once.

With their large folios and rich ornament, choirbooks were highly prized by 19th-century collectors. Early in the Museum's history, probably before 1863, a large number of folios were acquired from a single German Antiphoner. One of the leaves is inscribed '149[-]'. Sets of such choirbooks were often produced over a period of years, and the date may represent a local tradition for some event with which the books were associated. The text and music are for the Office of several feasts and saints' days. Two martyr saints are depicted in the initial letter A. They are St Laurence, holding a grill and book, and St Erasmus, with crosier and winching handle.

Physical description

Specimen of a manuscript

Place of Origin

Mainz (Rheinland-Pfalz) (illuminated)

Date

1490 (illuminated)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

Dimensions

Height: 370 mm written space, Width: 250 mm written space

Historical context note

Data taken from notes compiled by Rowan Watson. The full text of the entry is as follows:

'1107 .19 (MS 581)
ANTIPHONER 10 aug
Leaf, with historiated initial A (pink foliate letter-shape on burnished gold ground, saints Laurence with grill and book, and Erasmus with crosier and winching handle, beneath banderoll inscribed "Got sei Lob" on which is hand reaching down from top of God, floriate stems with flowers, buds and a thistle in the margin

(1) Inc: Absterget Deus omnen lacrimam (2) Rubric: V'. Non esurient neque sicient

Germany (Mainz?) . c. 1490
msd; written space 370 x 250 mm.
7 lines of music (staves of 5 red lines; 30 mm) and text.
Hufnagel notation
Pp. 877 & 878

Pub: 1908 cat, 53; 1923 cat, 44'

Descriptive line

Leaf from Antiphoner. Historiated initial A with pink foliate letter-shape on burnished gold ground and saints Laurence with grill and book, and Erasmus with crosier and winching handle, beneath banderoll inscribed Got sei Lob on which is hand of God reaching down from top. Floriate stems with flowers, buds and a thistle in the margin. Germany ca 1490. A duplicate number MS.581 was assigned to this object in error and was subsequently cancelled.

Techniques

Illumination

Subjects depicted

Music; Ornament; Flowers

Categories

Christianity; Religion; Manuscripts

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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