Please complete the form to email this item.

Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Mughal Empire (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1586 - ca. 1589 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Khiman Sangtarash (artist, painting, Khiman the Sculptor, maker)
    Mukund (artist, outline, maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper

  • Museum number:

    IS.2:25-1896

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

  • Download image

This painting by the Mughal court artists Khiman Sangtarash and Mukund is an illustration from the Akbarnama (Book of Akbar). It depicts the capture of Fort Mirtha near Jodhpur in north-west India, seen in flames in the background, by Mughal forces led by Mirza Sharaf ud-Din Husain in 1561.

The Akbarnama was commissioned by the Mughal emperor Akbar (r.1556–1605) as the official chronicle of his reign. It was written in Persian by his court historian and biographer, Abu’l Fazl, between 1590 and 1596, and the V&A’s partial copy of the manuscript is thought to have been illustrated between about 1592 and 1595. This is thought to be the earliest illustrated version of the text, and drew upon the expertise of some of the best royal artists of the time. Many of these are listed by Abu’l Fazl in the third volume of the text, the A’in-i Akbari, and some of these names appear in the V&A illustrations, written in red ink beneath the pictures, showing that this was a royal copy made for Akbar himself. After his death, the manuscript remained in the library of his son Jahangir, from whom it was inherited by Shah Jahan.

The V&A purchased the manuscript in 1896 from Frances Clarke, the widow of Major General John Clarke, who bought it in India while serving as Commissioner of Oudh between 1858 and 1862.

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour and gold on paper, this painting depicts the capture of Fort Mirtha, Jodhpur, by Mirza Sharaf ud-Din Husain in 1561. Most of the picture is devoted to the battle scene and shows that a variety of weapons, including bows and arrows, swords and spears were employed. In the background, part of the fort appears to be ablaze.

Place of Origin

Mughal Empire (made)

Date

ca. 1586 - ca. 1589 (made)

Artist/maker

Khiman Sangtarash (artist, painting, Khiman the Sculptor, maker)
Mukund (artist, outline, maker)

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour and gold on paper

Marks and inscriptions

'Composition by Makand/Work [=painting] by Khirman Sangtarash'

Dimensions

Height: 32.8 cm, Width: 19.4 cm

Object history note

The Akbarnama was commissioned by the Emperor Akbar as an official chronicle of his reign. It was written by his court historian and biographer Abu'l Fazl around 1590, and illustrated during the same decade by at least forty-nine different artists from Akbar's studio. After Akbar's death, the manuscript remained in the library of his son, Jehangir. The Victoria and Albert Museum purchased it in 1896 from the widow of major General Clarke, an official who served as the Commissioner in Oudh province.

Historical significance: It is thought to be the first illustrated copy of the Akbarnama. It drew upon the expertise of some of the best royal painters of the time, many of whom receive special mention by Abu'l Fazl in the A'in-i-Akbari. The inscriptions in red ink on the bottom of the paintings name the artists.

Descriptive line

Painting, Akbarnama, capture of Fort Mirtha, outline by Mukund, painting Khiman the Sculptor, opaque watercolour and gold on paper, Mughal, ca. 1586-1589

Associated names

Fazl, Abu'l

Production Note

Composition by Mukund, painted by Khiman Sangtarash.

Materials

Paper; Paint; Opaque watercolour

Techniques

Drawing; Painted

Subjects depicted

Fort; Jodhpur

Categories

Illustration; Paintings; Animals and Wildlife

Collection code

SSEA

Download image
Qr_O9413
Ajax-loader