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Border ornament from a missal made for Cardinal Giulio de' Medici

  • Object:

    Manuscript cutting

  • Place of origin:

    Rome (city) (illuminated)

  • Date:

    ca. 1513-1523 (illuminated)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Matteo da Milano (attributed to)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

  • Museum number:

    E.4579-1910

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

Distinctive forms of ornament were developed in Italy at the end of the 15th century. Classical motifs were copied from ancient Roman remains. They include designs based on tall candelabra with vases and cameo busts. Roundels with portraits or devices (heraldic emblems) were inserted in margins and at the top and bottom of pages.

Physical description

Cut-out four-sided border, left side a [fountain] design and a vignette lettered "Iulius Medici S Car" ; right side a vignette with Zacharias portrait; top with vignette lettered "Ioannes est nomen eius" and arms (Or, 5 gold balls, blue ball with 3 fleur-de-lys) surmounted by a cardinal's hat in lower margin supported by two cherubs.

Place of Origin

Rome (city) (illuminated)

Date

ca. 1513-1523 (illuminated)

Artist/maker

Matteo da Milano (attributed to)

Materials and Techniques

Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

Dimensions

Height: 355 mm, Width: 245 mm

Object history note

From a missal made for Cardinal Giulio de' Medici before he became pope Clement VII: his name and arms in the border (Or, 5 gold balls, blue ball with 3 fleur-de-lys). Corresponds to A.II.18 in the Sistine Sacristy Inventory of 1714 (see Eze 2010 p. 483 and de Laurentiis 2011), described as ‘Un Messale, con l’arme del Cardinale de Medici, coperto de corame rosso, senza fibie, con doi cocchie d’archimia dove sone sei messe videlicet / Sps. santi cois. /Penthecostes / Corpus Christi / Joanis Baptista / Johannis evangelistae / Defunctorum. / Hora nela coperta di curamo / et l’arme de Julio 3.’
Collection of Frédéric Spitzer (1815-1890). Collection of George Salting: acquired with the George Salting Bequest in 1910 (no. 3283 or 2131, to be confirmed).
Cuttings from the same manuscript in other collections: London, British Library, Add. MS 35254, cutting I; Philadelphia, Free Library, Lewis E M 46 13.

Descriptive line

Cut-out four sided border from a missal made for Cardinal Giulio de' Medici, attributed to Matteo da Milano, Italy (Rome), ca 1513-1523.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Vol. II, p. 524, no. 10.
La collection Spitzer, Antiquité, Moyen Âge, Renaissance. 6 vols. Paris, 1890-1892. vol. V with notices of manuscripts by Léopold Delisle and Auguste Molinier.
p. 90.
Catalogue of Miniatures, Leaves, and Cuttings from Illuminated Manuscripts. Victoria and Albert Museum. Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design, by S.C. Cockerell and C. Harcourt Smith (London: HMSO, 1923, 2nd edition).
Reiss, S.E., 'Cardinal Giulio de’ Medici’s 1520 Berlin Missal and Other Works by Matteo da Milano', in Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 33 (1991), pp. 107-128 (BL and Philadelphia cuttings, pp. 125-126, fig. 25, n. 45 and 46).
Alexander, J.J.G, 'Matteo da Milano, illuminator', in Pantheon, 50 (1992), pp. 32-47 or 45 TBC (pp. 34, 37, fig. 15).
pp. 190-208, J. J. G. Alexander, ‘Illumination for Cardinal Antonio Pallavicini (1442-1507)’.
Brown, M.P. and McKendrick, S. (eds), Illuminating the book: makers and interpreters, London: British Library; University of Toronto Press, 1998.
no. 66 n. 7.
Tanis, J.R. and Thompson, J.A. (eds), Leaves of gold: manuscript illumination from Philadelphia collections, Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2001.
Von dem Knesebeck, H.V., 'Buchkultur im Spannungsfeld zwischen der Kurie unter Leo X und dem Hof von Franz I', Der Medici-Papst Leo X. und Frankreich: Politik, Kultur und Familiengeschäfte in der europäischen Renaissance, T. Götz-Rüdiger, M. Rohlmann (eds), Mohr Siebeck, 2002, pp. 469-528 (p. 493, note 78).
De Laurentiis, E. 'Il Cardinale Lorenzana e i codici liturgici della Sacrestia Sistina a Toledo', in El Cardenal Lorenzana, Arzobispo de Toledo: ciclo de conferencias en el iI centenario de su muerte (1804-2004), ed. by Ángel Fernández Collado, Toledo: Instituto Superior de Estudios Teológicos San Ildefonso, 2004, pp. 265-301 (p. 275).
pp. 219, 391, fig. 132, 483.
Eze, A.-M., Abbé Luigi Celotti (1759-1843): Connoisseur, Dealer, and Collector of Illuminated Miniatures, unpublished PhD thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, London, 2010.
pp. 340-341 (A.II.18) and 346.
De Laurentiis, E. and Talamo, E.A., The Lost Manuscripts from the Sistine Chapel. An Epic Journey from Rome to Toledo, Madrid : Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica ; Dallas, Tex. : Meadows Museum, Southern Methodist University, 2011.

Materials

Parchment; Ink; Pigments

Techniques

Illumination; Writing

Subjects depicted

Fountain; Cherubs; Cardinal's hat

Categories

Manuscript cutting; Manuscripts; Medieval and renaissance

Production Type

Unique

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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