Tombstone of a lector at Bologna University

Tombstone
1425-1450 (made)
Tombstone of a lector at Bologna University thumbnail 1
Tombstone of a lector at Bologna University thumbnail 2
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images
Image of Gallery in South Kensington
On display at V&A South Kensington
Medieval & Renaissance, Room 50a, The Paul and Jill Ruddock Gallery
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

At the time of acquisition, this tombstone carving of Istrian Stone was said to have come "from a church in the neighbourhood of Bologna". It is related to a number of tomb-slabs in the Museo Civico at Bologna, which were formerly in the church of San Francesco. The identity of the figure has not been established. The condition of the slab suggests that it was set against a wall and not laid on the floor. It is made in Bolgona in the second quarter of the 15th century.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Istrian stone
Brief Description
Tombstone, Istrian stone, of a lector at Bologna University, Italy (Bologna), 1425-1450
Physical Description
Tombstone carved with a supine figure with eyes closed and forearms crossed, the hands resting on the thighs.
Dimensions
  • Height: 202.9cm
  • Width: 99.4cm
  • Depth: 6cm
  • Weight: 264kg
Object history
At the time of acquisition, this carving was said to have come "from a church in the neighbourhood of Bologna". It is similar to other tombstones of academics from Bologna University, which were previously in the church of San Francesco and are now in the Museo Civile there.
Historical context
This tombstone was probably made for a lector of Bologna university. The books shown by his elbows and feet are symbols of his learned status. The erased coats of arms and lack of inscriptions means that there are few clues to the exact identity of the figure. Tombstones like this were often placed on the floor of the church, although the good condition of this relief may suggest that this slab was in fact set into a wall.
Subjects depicted
Place Depicted
Summary
At the time of acquisition, this tombstone carving of Istrian Stone was said to have come "from a church in the neighbourhood of Bologna". It is related to a number of tomb-slabs in the Museo Civico at Bologna, which were formerly in the church of San Francesco. The identity of the figure has not been established. The condition of the slab suggests that it was set against a wall and not laid on the floor. It is made in Bolgona in the second quarter of the 15th century.
Bibliographic References
  • List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington Museum acquired during the Year 1882. London, 1883, p. 7
  • MacLagan, E, and Longhurst, Margaret, H. Catalogue of Italian Sculpture. London: V&A, 1932, p. 109
  • Pope-Hennessy, John. Catalogue of Italian Sculpture in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1964, p. 252
  • Ducati. Guida del Museo Civile di Bologna. 1923, p. 219
  • Venturi, A. Storia dell'arte Italiana. IV, Milan, p. 833, fig. 693
  • Ricci. Monumenti sepolcrali di lettori dello studio Bolognese nei secoli XIII, XIV e XV. Bologna: 1888
Collection
Accession Number
64-1882

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record createdFebruary 25, 2004
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