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  • Place of origin:

    France (illuminated)

  • Date:

    before 1483 (illuminated)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case I, shelf 29, box A

This is a page from a Missal, a service book containing the text necessary for the performance of the Mass. The miniature has been cut out and was evidently sold separately, before the parent leaf. At a later stage, the leaf was made good with the insertion of a miniature from a printed Book of Hours showing the Coronation of the Virgin (see 8122A). The border design on this leaf based on multicoloured acanthus, in which the top of the leaf is blue (or another colour) and the underside brushed gold, became standard in 15th-century France. At the foot of the page is the coat of arms of Cardinal Jean Rolin, who was formerly Bishop of Autun and Chalons. He died in 1483 at the age of 75.

Physical description

Specimen of a manuscript

Place of Origin

France (illuminated)


before 1483 (illuminated)



Materials and Techniques

Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment


Height: 15 in, Width: 11 in

Historical context note

Data taken from notes compiled by Rowan Watson. The full text of the entry is as follows:

Missal, with arms of Clugny family

Bought from Goldschmidt, 1872'

Descriptive line

Leaf from a Missal with arms of the Clugny family; France; late 15th century A duplicate number MS.821 was assigned to this object in error and was subsequently cancelled.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p. 42, fig. 7
Watson, Rowan. Educators, Collectors, Fragments and the "Illuminated" Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Nineteenth Century. In: Linda L. Brownrigg and Margaret M. Smith, eds. Interpreting and Collecting Fragments of Medieval Books. Los Altos Hills: Anderson Lovelace; London: Red Gull Press, 2000. pp. 21-46, ill. ISBN 0962637262 (hbk); 0962637270 (pbk).



Subjects depicted

Cardinal's hat


Christianity; Religion; Manuscripts


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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