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Medal - Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Ferdinand I his brother
  • Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Ferdinand I his brother
    Flötner, Peter, born 1485 - died 1546
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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Ferdinand I his brother

  • Object:

    Medal

  • Place of origin:

    Germany (made)

  • Date:

    1532 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Flötner, Peter, born 1485 - died 1546 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Brass. Copper 80.5%, zinc 7.5%, tin 1.6%. Iron, lead and nickel also present.

  • Museum number:

    699-1865

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This is a brass medal made by Peter Flötner in Nuremberg, and dated 1532 and 1535 for the reverse respectively. The obverse of this medal represents Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and his brother Ferdinand I.
Flötner (ca. 1485-1546) was a sculptor, medallist, cabinetmaker, woodcutter and designer. He worked initially in Augsburg from around 1512 to 1516 before moving to Nuremberg where he became a citizen in 1522.
He is known for the wide range of his work, including fountains, organs, and furniture as well as decorative objects. He was probably born in the Thurgau region of Switzerland, and may have trained in the Augsburg workshop of the Renaissance sculptor Hans Daucher between 1515 and 1518. He was certainly influenced by Daucher’s Italianate style and that of Hans Burgkmair I. Flötner settled in Nuremberg in 1522, and was registered as a ‘master sculptor’ when he became a citizen in 1523. He is conjectured to have visited Italy in 1520-21, and again by 1530. These visits would have played a part in encouraging his adoption of Italian renaissance styles. In Nuremberg, Flötner introduced new classical forms in architecture, marking a change from the gothic style influenced by Albrecht Dürer. His mature classical style is seen first in the Apollo Fountain which he designed for Nuremberg in 1532. It is based on an engraving of Apollo and Diana by Jacopo de’ Barbari, and demonstrates Flötner’s confident interpretation of Italian composition and proportions. Flötner later worked on commissions for the interior decorations and furniture of various aristocratic houses.

Place of Origin

Germany (made)

Date

1532 (made)

Artist/maker

Flötner, Peter, born 1485 - died 1546 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Brass. Copper 80.5%, zinc 7.5%, tin 1.6%. Iron, lead and nickel also present.

Dimensions

Diameter: 7.5 cm, Weight: 84.9 g

Object history note

Bought from the Soulages Collection in 1865.
Jules Soulages (1812-1856) was a collector of French and Italian Renaissance art. After his death his collection was acquired by the Museum. Born in Toulouse in 1803, Jules Soulages practised as a lawyer in Paris and was founding member of the Société Archeologique du Midi de la France. He created an extensive collection of French and Italian Renaissance decorative art from 1825, comprising around 750 objects, including furniture, glass, ceramics, bronzes, enamels and ivories. In the late 1840s Soulages moved back to Toulouse, where Henry Cole viewed his collection in 1855. Subsequent sale negotiations led to the production of a catalogue and two exhibitions in England at the Museum of Ornamental Art at Marlborough House, and at the Manchester Art Treasures exhibition respectively, both enhancing the celebrity of the collection, and resulting in its acquisition for the South Kensington Museum. Soulages died on 13 October 1857, aged 54. The dealer John Webb was despatched to examine and report on the collection, which was purchased between 1859 and 1865 in installments for £11,000 with the assistance of 73 subscribers.

Descriptive line

Medal, brass, conjoined busts of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Ferdinand I his brother, by Peter Flötner, Germany 1532

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Trusted, Marjorie. German Renaissance Medals. Victoria & Albert Museum, 1990. 128p., ill. ISBN 1851770135
Inventory of Art Objects acquired in the Year 1865. Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol. 1. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868, p. 39
Robinson, John Charles. Catalogue of the Soulages Collection. London: Chapman & Hall, 1856, p. 147
Habich, Georg. ed. Die deutschen Schaumünzen des XVI. Jahrhunderts herausgegeben mit Unterstützung der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Notgemeinschaft der deutschen Wissenschaft Auftrag des Deutschen Vereins für Kunstwissenschaft. München: Bruckmann, 1929-1934. I, II, p. 258, no. 1823, pl. CXCIV 7
The Medal. Spring 1991, no. 18, p. 105

Materials

Brass

Subjects depicted

Emperor

Categories

Coins & Medals; Portraits; Royalty

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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