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  • Place of origin:

    France (illuminated)

  • Date:

    early 15th century (illuminated)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F, case EDUC, shelf 11

This is a leaf from an Antiphoner. The Antiphoner contained the choral parts for the cycle of Offices celebrated by a monastic or other community. Its size enabled the whole choir to read the music at once. The decorative initial, such as the initial S on this page, marked significant divisions of the text by making the heading memorable. The initials were added either by the scribe or by a specialist, in spaces left blank by the scribe. The latter was increasingly the practice in the later Middle Ages.

Physical description

Specimen of a manuscript

Place of Origin

France (illuminated)


early 15th century (illuminated)



Materials and Techniques

Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment


Height: 367 mm, Width: 277 mm

Descriptive line

Leaf from an Antiphoner; Southern French; early 15th century A duplicate number MS.817 was assigned to this object in error and was subsequently cancelled.



Subjects depicted

Music; Trees; Birds


Christianity; Religion; Manuscripts


Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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