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Relief - Emperor Rudolph II
  • Emperor Rudolph II
    Maler, Wenzel, born 1552 - died 1612
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Emperor Rudolph II

  • Object:

    Relief

  • Place of origin:

    Nuremberg (made)

  • Date:

    1606 (dated)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Maler, Wenzel, born 1552 - died 1612 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Wax in high relief, framed and glazed

  • Museum number:

    1208-1864

  • Gallery location:

    Europe 1600-1815, Room 6, The Lisa and Bernard Selz Gallery, case CA13

Small full-length portraits, mostly paintings, but sometimes executed in other media, were common objects for display in the Cabinet (small, private rooms for the storage and display of collectors' curiosities). This high relief sculpture is executed in wax, a medium which allows for the use of colour, and the texture of which naturally suggests flesh. It was made by Wenzel Maler, one of the leading exponents of wax modelling in seventeenth-century Nuremburg, and depicts the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II. The date of 1606 may suggest that the portrait is intended to comemorate the ending of the so-called Long War against the Ottomans, which was concluded in that year.

Physical description

Model, wax in high relief, on a painted paper background, framed and glazed, portrait of Rudolph II, Emperor of Germany.

Place of Origin

Nuremberg (made)

Date

1606 (dated)

Artist/maker

Maler, Wenzel, born 1552 - died 1612 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Wax in high relief, framed and glazed

Marks and inscriptions

RVDOLPH . II . ROM . IMP ARCHID. AVSTR. NAT. VIENAE MENSE IVL. 18 . ANTE H POST M
Rudolph II, Emperor of Rome and Archduke of Austria, born Vienna July 18, before H after M
The meaning of the final clause is unclear, but probably refers in some way to Rudolph's year of birth in 1552.

VVENCESL. MALLER S.C.M. SCVLPT. F. 1606
Wenzel Maler, sculptor of his holy majesty Caesar, made this 1606.

Dimensions

Height: 29.2 cm with frame, Width: 21.6 cm with frame, Depth: 5.5 cm with frame

Descriptive line

Model, wax in high relief on a painted paper background, portrait of Rudolph II, Emperor of Germany, by Wenzel Maler, Germany (Nuremberg), dated 1606

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Inventory of Art Objects acquired in the Year 1864. Inventory of the Objects in the Art Division of the Museum at South Kensington, arranged According to the Dates of their Acquisition. Vol. 1. London : Printed by George E. Eyre and William Spottiswoode for H.M.S.O., 1868., p. 50
Kaufmann, Thomas Dacosta. The school of Prague : painting at the court of Rudolf II. Chicago: London : University of Chicago Press, 1988. pp. 69,70. fig. 49.

Labels and date

PORTRAIT OF EMPEROR RUDOLF II
German (Nuremburg); signed and dated 1606
Coloured wax
By Wenzel Maler

Portraits and reliefs in coloured wax of the members of the Hapsburg family were highly esteemed at the court in Prague.
[1993 - 2011]

Subjects depicted

Emperors; Dogs

Categories

Sculpture; Royalty

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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