Dish

19th century (made)
Dish thumbnail 1
Dish thumbnail 2
+1
images
Image of Gallery in South Kensington
On display at V&A South Kensington
Cast Courts, Room 46, The Chitra Nirmal Sethia Gallery
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

Circular dish of white earthenware, with moulded decoration, comprising a representation of Temperence on a central, raised boss, surrounded by four cartouches containing Term figures, with representations of the seven Liberal Arts and Minerva. Coloured and glazed.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Lead glazed earthenware
Brief Description
White earthenware with moulded decoration of an image of Pomona, painted in colours and covered with a lead glaze. French, probably 19th century in imitation of Palissy-style ware of about 1600-1620.
Physical Description
Circular dish of white earthenware, with moulded decoration, comprising a representation of Temperence on a central, raised boss, surrounded by four cartouches containing Term figures, with representations of the seven Liberal Arts and Minerva. Coloured and glazed.
Dimensions
  • Diameter: 42.85cm (Note: Converted from Register)
Marks and Inscriptions
"F" incised on reverse of boss.
Gallery Label
Cast of The Temperance Basin Maker unknown, 1850–1900 Even during his own lifetime, Briot’s pewter basin was imitated by other craftsmen. The celebrated 16th-century French potter, Bernard Palissy, cast replicas in earthenware in the 1580s. This dish was long thought to be the work of Palissy, or one of his many contemporary imitators. Recent comparisons with later dishes suggest this version was more likely made in the 19th century, when the cult of Palissy was still thriving. Cast white earthenware, painted and lead-glazed Incised ‘F’ Probably France Museum no. C.2316-1910(30.11.18)
Credit line
Bequeathed by George Salting, Esq.
Object history
Bequeathed by George Salting, Esq.

Moulded directly from a dish by Francois Briot - known as the Temperance Dish, Model I.

Historical context
Historical significance: Like their metal counterparts, dishes such as this were intended for display rather than use. The personifications of Temperance, Minerva and the Liberal Arts reveal a familiarity with classical iconography and the use of such figures, on both metalwork and ceramics, can frequently be traced to contemporary paintings and engravings. In contrast to the more naturalistic 'rustic' ceramics, it is likely that in this instance Palissy used a mould taken directly from a metal proto-type. It is known that Palissy first used such techniques early in his career, in the production of 'médailles' moulded after bronze originals. This method was later applied to a wide variety of objects including candlesticks, plates, dishes and plateaux.

Palissy-ware became extremely fashionable in the nineteenth century and craftsmen, such as Edouard Avisseau, produced extremely competent imitations, along with objects of their own design.

Objects of this type were customarily commissioned for display purposes rather than use. This dish was inspired by Francois Briot's pewter 'Temperance' dish of ca. 1585-90 and shows the close relationship between metalwork and ceramic design during the sixteenth century.
Production
Made in imitation of Palissy-style ware of around 1600-1620
Subjects depicted
Bibliographic References
  • Leonard N. Amico, Bernard Palissy, Flammarion, 1996
  • Marshall P. Katz and Robert Lehr, Palissy Ware: Nineteenth-Century French Ceramicists from Avisseau to Renoleau, Athlone Press, 1996
Collection
Accession Number
C.2316-1910

About this object record

Explore the Collections contains over a million catalogue records, and over half a million images. It is a working database that includes information compiled over the life of the museum. Some of our records may contain offensive and discriminatory language, or reflect outdated ideas, practice and analysis. We are committed to addressing these issues, and to review and update our records accordingly.

You can write to us to suggest improvements to the record.

Suggest Feedback

record createdSeptember 28, 1998
Record URL