Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Group - St Veronica and St Appolonia

St Veronica and St Appolonia

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Lower Rhine (possibly Lower Rhenish or French (Paris) , made)

  • Date:

    late fourteenth century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:


  • Materials and Techniques:

    Elephant ivory relief

  • Credit Line:

    Bequeathed by H. L. Florence

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This miniature ivory group depicting St. Veronica and St. Apollonia was possibly made in Lower Rhine or in France (Paris), in the late fourteenth century. This group is particularly interesting because of the rarity of groups on such a small scale. Another ivory group, similar in style, of St. George and the Princess Saba is now the property of Mrs. Gilbertson, and was exhibited at the Burlington Fine Arts Club in 1923 (Catalogue no. 92).
This miniature relief may originally have been set in a small diptych pendant or locket.

This miniature ivory reliefs should be viewed in the same light as their Kleinplastik counterparts in precious metals and enamel. The later examples, dating from the second half of the fifteenth to the early sixteenth century, are also often comparable to works in other materials, such as the more numerous mother-of-pearl roundels. Both drew on the same graphic sources and brought sacred images into the possession of the pious.

Physical description

Group in ivory. St. Veronica, her head covered in a veil and wimple, carries the Sudarium with both hands, and St. Apollonia holds a pair of pincers, the symbol of her torture, in her right hand and a book in her left.

Place of Origin

Lower Rhine (possibly Lower Rhenish or French (Paris) , made)


late fourteenth century (made)



Materials and Techniques

Elephant ivory relief


Height: 3.4 cm, Width: 2 cm, Weight: 3.4 g, Depth: 0.5 cm

Object history note

Formerly in the Trapnell Collection (Sale, Christie's, March 18th, 1914, lot 240). Bequeathed by Henry L. Florence, Bath, in 1916.

Descriptive line

Relief (miniature), ivory, St Veronica and St Apollonia, Lower Rhenish (?) or French (Paris), late fourteenth century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Longhurst, Margaret H. Catalogue of Carvings in Ivory, London: Published under the Authority of the Board of Education, 1927-1929, Part II, p. 33
Review [1911-1938], Victoria & Albert Museum. Review of the Principal Acquisitions during the Year, London, 1917, p. 5
part 1, p. 454
Williamson, Paul and Davies, Glyn, Medieval Ivory Carvings, 1200-1550, (in 2 parts), V&A Publishing, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2014
Williamson, Paul and Davies, Glyn, Medieval Ivory Carvings, 1200-1550, (in 2 parts), V&A Publishing, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 2014, part 1, p. 454, cat. no. 155
Nelson, P. (1940). An English medieval gold finger-ring. The Antiquaries Journal, 20(4), 509-509. doi:10.1017/S0003581500095494
Ik, Maria van Gelre. De hertogin en haar uitzonderlijke gebedenboek (1380-1429), ed. by Johan Oostermann. Nijmegen / Zwolle: Museum Het Valkhof / Waanders Uitgevers, 2018. ISBN 9789462622012. Catalogue of the exhibition held at Museum Het Valkhof Nijmegen, 13 October 2018 - 6 January 2019.




Carving; Relief


Christianity; Religion


Sculpture Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.