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Fichu

  • Place of origin:

    Alençon (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1805-1810 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Needle lace worked in linen thread on a net ground

  • Museum number:

    3544-1852

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

A fichu covered the neck and shoulders. This one has been cut from a larger piece of needle lace. It may be related to a set of bed hangings, decorated with bees. (The bee was a Napoleonic symbol.) These bed hangings were originally made at Alençon in France for the Empress Josephine, consort of the Emperor Napoleon, in about 1809. They are now in the Brooklyn Museum, New York.

In the early 19th century the French lace industry largely depended on bobbin lace and machine-made net. Napoleon supported manufacturers of needle lace by making the wearing of French or Brussels lace compulsory at court.

Physical description

Triangular shaped fichu of needle lace worked in linen thread and decorated with bees on a net ground.

Place of Origin

Alençon (made)

Date

ca. 1805-1810 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Needle lace worked in linen thread on a net ground

Dimensions

Length: 72 cm longest side, Length: 48.5 cm shortest side, each minimum

Object history note

The fichu has been cut from a larger piece, and may be related to the set of bed hangings made at Alençon for the Empress Josephine in about 1809, now in the Brooklyn Museum, New York

Descriptive line

Fichu of needle lace worked in linen thread on a net ground, Alençon, ca. 1805-1810

Materials

Linen thread

Techniques

Needle lace

Categories

Lace; Accessories; Women's clothes; Europeana Fashion Project

Collection

Textiles and Fashion Collection

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