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Panel - Pierre Michel, Valet to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy
  • Pierre Michel, Valet to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy
    Esperlan, Thierry
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Pierre Michel, Valet to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    Burgundy, France (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1440-1450 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Esperlan, Thierry (of Delft) (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Stained glass

  • Museum number:

    C.129-1914

  • Gallery location:

    Sacred Silver & Stained Glass, room 84, case BAY3

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Thanks to a drawing of 1837–8, we know that this panel formed part of a window in the church of Notre-Dame in Dijon, France. It probably came there from the Sainte-Chapelle in Dijon, which was demolished in 1802. (The drawing is in the Bibliothèque Municipale de la Ville de Dijon.) In the drawing, the standing figure of St Peter presents the kneeling donor in front of him. You can still see part of St Peter’s jewelled sleeve and key in the glass. The drawing also shows the small figure of the donor’s son kneeling behind him, with a shield above that bears the initials ‘PM’. In a facing panel, the donor’s wife is shown kneeling in prayer with her daughter behind her. Her patron saint, whom we cannot now identify, stands above.

The donor has been identified as Pierre Michel. He was valet to two dukes of Burgundy, Philip the Good (ruled 1419–67) and Charles the Bold (ruled 1467–77). He was also concièrge of the ducal house at Dijon and capitaine-châtelain of the château at Vergy. On both sleeves of his fur-lined coat he wears the device of Philip the Good, the Flint and Steel (briquet) with flames. This denotes that he is a member of the ducal household.

The present panel has been cut down. It is tightly framed by a decorative border of leafy plants entwined with scrolls. These bear the words ‘ihs’ (Jesus), ‘mra’ (Mary) and the motto ‘En bien’ (‘In Goodness’). The border was made at the same time as the panel, but it comes from another window at Notre-Dame.

Physical description

Stained glass panel. Kneeling donor wearing on his sleeve the flint and steel badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The border is formed of inscribed ribbons coiled about leafy stalks. Brown enamel and yellow stain.

Place of Origin

Burgundy, France (made)

Date

ca. 1440-1450 (made)

Artist/maker

Esperlan, Thierry (of Delft) (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Stained glass

Dimensions

Height: 69.5 cm, Width: 41.5 cm

Object history note

From the Sainte-Chapelle, Dijon

Descriptive line

Stained glass panel with a kneeling donor, Pierre Michel, Valet to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy, France (Bourgogne) ca. 1440-50

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Williamson, Paul. Medieval and Renaissance Stained Glass in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2003. ISBN 1851774041
Thanks to a drawing of 1837-8 in the bibliotheque Municipale de la Ville de Dijon, is known that this panel then formed part of a window in the church of Notre-Dame in Dijon. In all probability it came there from the Sainte-Chapelle in Dijon in 1802, when the latter was demolished. In the drawing, the kneeling donor is shown being presented by the standing figure of St Peter behind him (part of the jewelled sleeve and key are still visible in the glass); the small figure of his son kneels behind the donor, and above is a shield with the initials 'PM'. In a facing panel, the donor's wife is shown kneeling in prayer with the couple's daughter behind her and with her patron saint (not now identifiable) standing above her. The donor has been identified by Marie-France Briselance as Pierre Michel, épicier-valet de chambre of both Duke Philip the Good (1419-67) and Charles the Bold (1467-77), concierge of the ducal house at Dijon and capitaine-châtelain of the chateau at Vergy. He wears the device of Philip the Good, the Flint and Steel (Briquet) with flames, on both sleeves of his fur-lined coat, denoting that he is a member of the ducal household. The device was subsequently employed on the collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece (see nos 58, 60, 63), founded by Philip the Good in 1429, but Pierre Michel was not sufficiently well-born to be a chevalier. The present panel has been cut down and tightly framed by a decorative border of leafy plants entwined with scrolls bearing the words ihs (Jesus), mra (Mary) and the motto 'En bien' ('In Goodness'), which is contemporary but comes from another window at Notre-Dame. There are various stopgaps, including part of another steel to the right of the donor's knees. Philip the Good employed the glass-painter Thierry Esperlan of Delft to execute the glazing of the Sainte-Chapelle between 1429 and 1450.

Production Note

From the Sainte-Chapelle, Dijon

Materials

Stained glass

Subjects depicted

Men; Scrolls; Armour; Shield; Swords; Purses

Categories

Religion; Christianity; Stained Glass

Collection code

CER

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Qr_O8703
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