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Manuscript - Leaf from the Teutonic Knights Bible

Leaf from the Teutonic Knights Bible

  • Object:

    Manuscript

  • Place of origin:

    Liège (City) (illuminated)

  • Date:

    ca. 1300 (illuminated)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

  • Museum number:

    9036W

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level E, case I, shelf 81, box S

This is a page from a Bible made for the monastery of the Teutonic Knights at Nieuwe Biesen in Maastricht, where the order owned property. The Teutonic Knights were among the more successful military orders. They were given papal approval in 1199 and oversaw the colonization by German settlers and the imposition of Christianity in what is now Poland and Lithuania. Like their counterparts, the Templars, who suffered the brutal suppression and nationalization of their assets by the French crown just after 1300, they operated a system of banking to get money 'to the front line'. This Bible was made in Liège for their house of Nieuwe Biesen in Maastricht, where the order owned property. The ornament in the initials is inhabited by dragons, heads and grotesques which spill over into the margins.

Physical description

Specimen of a manuscript

Place of Origin

Liège (City) (illuminated)

Date

ca. 1300 (illuminated)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Water-based pigments, gilding and ink on parchment

Dimensions

Height: 440 mm, Width: 315 mm

Historical context note

Data taken from notes compiled by Rowan Watson. The full text of the entry is as follows:

(text also refers to 9036 A to Z, A.Z, F.1; D.544-1906 to 599-1906):

"No part of the first volume (Genesis to II Chronicles) is known to survive. The second volume was dismantled by the time W. H. James Weale sold individual leaves and cuttings in the 1880s. Part of the MS are now in the British Library, Add. MS 32058, ff. 9-22, and in the V&A, 9036 A-Z, Z.A, F.1 & D.544-1906 to 599-1906. Volume three, the New Testament, is Oxford , Keble College, MS 69. The work probably belonged to the house of the Teutonic Knights in Maestricht, Nieuwe Biesen, according to an inscription in BL Add. MS 32058, fol. 9.

NL (South: Liège?). c. 1300

See Judith Oliver, 1988, I, pp. 185-188, II, pl. 191-194"

Individual item text

'Cat. no. 233.20
9036 W (MS 740)
BIBLE (Prologue & Book of 12 Minor Prophets - Hosea)
Leaf, With a decorated 11-line initial L (interlace decoration and grotesque heads extending into the margin); 8-line initial U with grotesque in vine tendrils: a 3-line initial D in blue with red penwork flourishing. In margin, dog with sketch of dog in pencil, also sketch of vine tendril by the initial V - these sketches either under drawings or instructions to the illuminator.

Rubric (1) Incipit prefatio beati Ieron imi presbiteri in librum duodecim proohetarum. Non idem ordo (2) Explicit prologus, incipit Osee. Uerbum domini

NL (South: Liège?). c. 1300
440 x 315 mm; written space 295 x 215 mm; 40 lines; 2 cols

Bought from Weale, 1883
Pub; 1908 cat, 72; 1923 cat, 63'

Descriptive line

Leaf from a Bible (Prologue & Book of 12 Minor Prophets - Hosea) with a decorated 11-line initial L (interlace decoration and grotesque heads extending into the margin); 8-line initial U with grotesque in vine tendrils; a 3-line initial D in blue with red penwork flourishing. In margin, dog with sketch of dog in pencil, also sketch of vine tendril by the initial V - these sketches either underdrawings or instructions to the illuminator; Netherlands (South Liege?); ca 1300 A duplicate number MS.740 was assigned to this object in error and was subsequently cancelled.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

p. 37, fig. 6
Watson, Rowan. Educators, Collectors, Fragments and the "Illuminated" Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum in the Nineteenth Century. In: Linda L. Brownrigg and Margaret M. Smith, eds. Interpreting and Collecting Fragments of Medieval Books. Los Altos Hills: Anderson Lovelace; London: Red Gull Press, 2000. pp. 21-46, ill. ISBN 0962637262 (hbk); 0962637270 (pbk).

Techniques

Illumination

Subjects depicted

Grotesques; Dog (animal)

Categories

Christianity; Religion; Manuscripts

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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