Dish thumbnail 1
Image of Gallery in South Kensington
On display at V&A South Kensington
Islamic Middle East, Room 42, The Jameel Gallery

Dish

Dish
1550-1570 (made)
Artist/Maker
Place Of Origin

The shapes of vessels made in Iznik, north-west Anatolia, were derived from sources as varied as metalwork, leatherwork and Chinese ceramics. This ‘grape dish’ was inspired by fashionable Chinese blue-and-white wares.

The Ottoman court renewed its patronage of Iznik ceramics during the construction of the Süleymaniye mosque in Istanbul in 1550 to 1557. The first Iznik tiles were produced, and potters added a bright red to the range of colours painted under the glaze. This was achieved with a slip made from a special clay.

In the following decades, tiles of high quality were decorated in red, green and tones of blue on a white ground. Dishes, bottles and other vessels had similar decoration on white or coloured grounds.


object details
Categories
Object Type
Materials and Techniques
Fritware, underglaze painted in cobalt blue, glazed
Brief Description
Dish with depictions of bunches of grapes, Turkey (probably Iznik), 1550-1570.
Physical Description
Dish, painted under the glaze in blue and white in imitation of Chinese bunch-of-grapes motifs.
Dimensions
  • Diameter: 39.1cm
Styles
Gallery Label
  • Jameel Gallery Variety of Shape and Design The shapes of Iznik vessels were derived from sources as varied as metalwork (9–11), leatherwork (14) and Chinese and Italian ceramics. Models included the Chinese ‘grape dish’ (2) and the Italian tondino form (15). By the 1530s, small sprays of tulips and other recognisable flowers were a common motif (9, 10, 15), but from the 1550s these were replaced by compositions on a larger scale. Many were originally developed for tilework (1, 3). 2 Dish with Grapes Turkey, probably Iznik 1550–70 Fritware painted under the glaze Museum no. 716-1902 (Jameel Gallery)
  • DISH White earthenware painted in blue and turquoise in imitation of Chinese porcelain. TURKISH (IZNIK); first half of the 16th century.(Old gallery label)
Historical context
The first stage in the emergence of Iznik occurred in the reign of Sultan Mehmed II (1451-81). Once created, the Iznik fritware industry seems to have taken on a life of its own, reacting to ups and downs in court demand by producing wares for wider market.

Over the eighty years following Mehmed II's death in 1481, the range of shapes increased, and new decorative schemes were adopted, including some from Chinese sources such as this dish. The popularity of blue-and-white porcelain meant that by the fifteenth century the technique of painting under the glaze was frequently used in imitating the Chinese wares. When it was applied to a fritware body, the result could be a passable pastiche of a Ming original, as in the case of Iznik 'grape' dishes of the early sixteenth century, of which this is an example.
Subject depicted
Summary
The shapes of vessels made in Iznik, north-west Anatolia, were derived from sources as varied as metalwork, leatherwork and Chinese ceramics. This ‘grape dish’ was inspired by fashionable Chinese blue-and-white wares.



The Ottoman court renewed its patronage of Iznik ceramics during the construction of the Süleymaniye mosque in Istanbul in 1550 to 1557. The first Iznik tiles were produced, and potters added a bright red to the range of colours painted under the glaze. This was achieved with a slip made from a special clay.



In the following decades, tiles of high quality were decorated in red, green and tones of blue on a white ground. Dishes, bottles and other vessels had similar decoration on white or coloured grounds.
Bibliographic References
  • Lane, Arthur. Later Islamic Pottery. London: Faber and Faber, 1957. 133p., ill. Pages 51-2, plate 32B
  • Tim Stanley (ed.), with Mariam Rosser-Owen and Stephen Vernoit, Palace and Mosque: Islamic Art from the Middle East, London, V&A Publications, 2004pp.102, 117
Collection
Accession Number
716-1902

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record createdNovember 18, 2003
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