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Panel - Arms of Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg
  • Arms of Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg
    Zeiner, Lukas, born 1445 - died 1513
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Arms of Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    Zurich, Switzerland (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1500 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Zeiner, Lukas, born 1445 - died 1513 (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Clear, coloured and flashed glass with yellow (silver) stain

  • Credit Line:

    Given by J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr

  • Museum number:

    C.42-1919

  • Gallery location:

    Medieval and Renaissance, room 62, case SCREEN2, shelf WW

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These are the arms of Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg. Suspended from the Landenberg crest is the Order of the Fish and Falcon, to which Balthasar had been admitted in 1492. The inscription above confirms his status: 'her balthser vn landenberg ritter' ('Balthasar von Landenberg, knight').

He was the brother of Hugo, Bishop of Constance. This panel must have been made at the same time as that of Hugo (Museum no. C.39-1919) and probably comes from the same building. They both share an assured, crisp drawing style and extraordinarily delicate detail, for example the headdress and jewellery of the female figure here. Such qualities are found only in the finest works made for a wealthy elite.

Lukas Zeiner is noted as a glass painter and glazier in the town records of Zurich between 1479 and 1512. He was a leading glass artist in the field of heraldic painting. His style featured a coat of arms with supporters within an elaborate canopy and set the stage for similar work for the next 100 years. The richly attired lady seen here was a popular type of secular heraldic supporter in Swiss panels of about 1500.

Physical description

Stained glass panel of the arms of Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg, a shield surmounted by helmets with the crests of the united houses of Landenberg and Greifensee and scrolled mantling with the colours of the two families. From the Landenberg crest is suspended the Order of the Fish and Falcon, and a woman stands behind the shield holding this order and two arms with pointing hands.

Place of Origin

Zurich, Switzerland (made)

Date

ca. 1500 (made)

Artist/maker

Zeiner, Lukas, born 1445 - died 1513 (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Clear, coloured and flashed glass with yellow (silver) stain

Marks and inscriptions

'her balthser vn landenberg ritter' 'Balthasar von Landenberg, knight'

Dimensions

Height: 49.8 cm, Width: 48.7 cm

Object history note

This panel was given to the museum in 1919 by JP Morgan in memory of his father and in acknowledgement of Anglo-American cooperation in the war.

Historical context note

Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg was the brother of Hugo, Bishop of Constance (see also the shield, inv. no. C.39-1919). From the Landenberg crest is suspended the Order of the Fish and Falcon, to which Balthasar had been admitted in 1492. The inscription above confirms his status: 'her balthser vn landenberg ritter' ('Balthasar von Landenberg, knight').

Lukas Zeiner was a glass painter and glazier. He is recorded in the town records of Zurich between 1479 and 1512. At this time, the records are quite specifc and often record glass painters like Zeiner by name rather than as simply ‘glass painter’. In the 15th and 16th centuries it became more common to commission secular, heraldic, glass. It was especially common in mainland Europe, where the rules as to who could claim a coat of arms were more relaxed than in England. Zeiner was a leading glass artist in the field of heraldic painting. His style featured a coat of arms with supporters within an elaborate canopy. It set the stage for similar work for the next 100 years.

As in a number of other panels from the workshop of Lukas Zeiner, there are small figures in the spandrels of the archway. In this case men-at-arms hold pikes and halberds (spear- and axe-headed weapons). The richly attired lady seen here was a popular type of secular heraldic supporter in Swiss panels of about 1500. This panel must have been made at the same time as that of Hugo von Hohenlandenberg and probably comes from the same building. They both share an assured, crisp drawing style and extraordinarily delicate detail. Note especially the delicately rendered headdress and jewellery of the female figure. Such qualities are found only in the finest works made for a wealthy elite.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York has recently acquired a further panel. This bears an identical coat of arms, including the Fish and Falcon, and an inscription that refers to Kaspar von Hohenlandenberg.

Descriptive line

Panel of clear, coloured and flashed glass with yellow (silver) stain and painted details. Depicting the Arms of Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg. Designed by Lucas Zeiner. Swiss (Zurich), c.1500

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Williamson, Paul. Medieval and Renaissance Stained Glass in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2003. ISBN 1851774041
Balthasar II von Hohenlandenberg was the brother of Hugo, Bishop of Constance (see no.52). His shield is simpler than his brother's, not being quartered with Constance, but is surmounted by helmets with the crests of the united houses of Landenberg and Greifensee and scrolled mantling with the colours of the two families. From the Landenberg crest is suspended the Order of the Fish and Falcon, which Balthasar had been admitted to in 1492, and his status is confirmed by the inscription above: 'her balthser vn landenberg ritter' ('Balthasar von Landenberg, knight'). As in a number of other panels from the Zeiner workshop, there are small figures in the spandrels of the archway, in this case men-at-arms holding pike and halberd, and the richly attired lady seen here was a popular type of secular heraldic supporter in Swiss panels of around 1500.
This panel must be contemporary with that of Hugo von Hohenlandenberg and probably comes from the same building. It shares the assured, crisp drawing style and extraordinarily delicate detail of the bishop's panel - note especially the headdress and jewellery of the female figure - manifested only in the finest works made for a wealthy elite. A further panel, with identical coat of arms including the Fish and Falcon, and with an inscription referring to Kaspar von Hohenlandenberg, has
recently been acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York ('Recent Acquisitions: A Selection: 1999-2000',
Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, vol.58, no.2, Fall 2000], pp.20-1).
H. Lehmann, Lukas Zeiner und die spatgotische Glasmalerei in Zurich, Zurich, 1926
Bernard Rackham, 'The glass painter Lukas Zeiner of Zurich and his school', Old Furniture, vol.8 (1929), pp.55-60
Foister, Susan, Art of Light: German Renaissance Stained Glass(London: National Gallery Company, 2007), 32 p., ill., ISBN 978 185709 348 3.

Exhibition History

Art of Light. German Renaissance Stained Glass (The National Gallery 07/11/2007-17/02/2008)

Materials

Glass

Techniques

Painting; Staining; Flashing

Subjects depicted

Men; Women; Fish; Coats of arms; Jewellery; Helmets; Escutcheons (coats of arms); Wings; Headdresses; Falcons; Plumes; Noblewomen; Pikes; Halberds

Categories

Stained Glass

Collection code

CER

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Qr_O85843
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