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Flagellation of Christ

  • Object:

    Panel

  • Place of origin:

    France (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1200-1220 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Stained glass

  • Museum number:

    5460-1858

  • Gallery location:

    Sacred Silver & Stained Glass, Room 84, The Whiteley Galleries, case S1

We do not know the origins of this panel, but it must have formed part of a window that was devoted to the story of the Passion of Jesus Christ, a popular subject for narrative window cycles. The shape of the top shows that it would have been located at the top of a pointed window, known as a ‘lancet’.

The style of the painting and the forms of the figures are similar to other works in glass in England, such as at Canterbury Cathedral. However, there are also similarities with works in France, so we cannot narrow down its country of origin.

The ‘Passion’ is the story of Christ’s suffering and death beginning with his arrest on Holy Thursday and ending with his burial (‘entombment’) on Good Friday evening. When Christ was brought before the Roman governor in Jerusalem, Pontius Pilate, he was questioned and then condemned to death. He was tied to a post and whipped (‘flagellated’). This was the usual practice under Roman law for those condemned to crucifixion.

Physical description

Irregular elliptical panel from a tracery light. The Flagellation.

Place of Origin

France (made)

Date

ca. 1200-1220 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Stained glass

Dimensions

Height: 77.5 cm, Width: 68.6 cm

Historical context note

The origins of this panel are not known. It undoubtedly formed part of a window that was devoted to the story of the Passion of Jesus Christ as this was a popular subject for narrative window cycles. It has a pointed top so it would have been located at the top of a pointed window, known as a 'lancet'.

The style of the painting and the forms of the figures are similar to other works in glass in England, such as at Canterbury Cathedral. However, there are also similarities with works in France so it is not possible to narrow down its country of origin.

The 'Passion' of Christ is the story of his suffering and then death which began with his arrest on Thursday evening and ends with his burial ('entombment') on Friday evening. When Christ was brought before the Roman governor in Jerusalem, Pontius Pilate, he was questioned and then condemned. Christ was then tied to a post and whipped ('flagellated'). This was the normal practice under Roman law for those condemned to crucifixion.

Descriptive line

Panel of clear, coloured and flashed glass with painted decoration depicting the Flagellation of Christ. Made in France or England, c.1200-20.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Williamson, Paul. Medieval and Renaissance Stained Glass in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, 2003. ISBN 1851774041

Labels and date

THE FLAGELLATION OF CHRIST

Judging by its subject matter and shape, the panel terminated a tall lancet window devoted to part of the Passion of Christ. Its original location is unknown.

France or England, about 1200-20
Museum no. 5460-1858 [(PW) 2003]

Materials

Stained glass

Subjects depicted

Foliage; Suffering; Ribbon

Categories

Stained Glass; Christianity; Religion; British Galleries

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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