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Capital
  • Capital
    Martini, Francesco di Giorgio, born 1439 - died 1501
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Capital

  • Place of origin:

    Urbino (made)

  • Date:

    1483-1490 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Martini, Francesco di Giorgio, born 1439 - died 1501 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Istrian stone

  • Museum number:

    368O-1878

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 122, case WE

This console, with acanthus leaves and other Renaissance decoration, came from a fort on the Adriatic coast. The fort was commissioned by Giovanni della Rovere, Lord of Senigallia and nephew of Pope Sixtus IV.A corbel rather than a capital, the object would have been set in to the wall at the point where the vault of the ceiling meets the wall providing an aesthetic termination rather than any significant architectural support.

Physical description

Pilaster capital of Istrian stone. Carved with a tapered bracket, from which rise two acanthus leaves with, between them, a vase. Volutes in the form of the tails of two dolphins, who face inwards. At the top a concave moulding with, in the centre, a sunflower.

Place of Origin

Urbino (made)

Date

1483-1490 (made)

Artist/maker

Martini, Francesco di Giorgio, born 1439 - died 1501 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Istrian stone

Dimensions

Height: 46 cm, Width: 35.8 cm, Depth: 23 cm

Object history note

Possibly designed by Francesco di Giorgio Martini (born in Siena, Italy, 1439, died there in 1501) and made in Urbino, Italy

From Rocca Roveresca di Mondolfo near Singallia in the Marches (central Italy)

Descriptive line

Capital, Istrian stone, from the Rocca Roveresca di Mondolfo near Sinigallia in the Marches, central Italy, about 1483-1490

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Baker, Malcolm, and Brenda Richardson (eds.), A Grand Design: The Art of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London: V&A Publications, 1999.
List of Objects in the Art Division, South Kensington Museum acquired in the Year 1878. London, 1879, p. 35
Pope-Hennessy, John. Catalogue of Italian Sculpture in the Victoria and Albert Museum. London, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1964, pp. 305
Raggio, Olga. 'Catalogue of Italian Sculpture in the Victoria and Albert Museum' Art Bulletin vol.L, 1968.
Adams, Nicholas and Krasinski, Jennifer. 'La rocca roveresca di Mondolfo' in Fiore and Tafuri ed. Francesco di Giorgio architetto. Milan: Electa, 1993.

Labels and date

British Galleries:
By the 1880s the Museum had started to build up a systematic collection of Medieval and Renaissance sculpture and ornament such as this carved capital. Students and designers often made use of these collections. We know, for example, that the designer E.W. Godwin (1833-1888) sketched this capital in 1879. [27/03/2003]

Materials

Istrian stone

Categories

Architectural fittings; Architecture

Collection

Sculpture Collection

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