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Queen Elizabeth Viewing the Performance of 'The Merry Wives of Windsor' at the Globe Theatre

  • Object:


  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain, Uk (painted)

  • Date:

    1840 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    David Scott, born 1806 - died 1849 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Oil on canvas

  • Museum number:


  • Gallery location:

    Theatre & Performance, room 103, case 1, shelf B

David Scott, Queen Elizabeth Viewing the Performance of 'The Merry Wives of Windsor’ in the Globe Theatre (1840).

This oil painting by David Scott (1806–49) was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1840. It is one of the first attempts to depict the interior of the first Globe theatre. Scott was inspired by the tradition, recorded by Nicholas Rowe in his 1709 edition of Shakespeare’s works, that Queen Elizabeth so liked the character of Falstaff in the Henry IV plays that she commanded a new Falstaff play to show the fat knight in love. There is no evidence that Elizabeth ever visited a public theatre, but Scott imagines the Queen and her court attending a performance of The Merry Wives of Windsor. She is seated in an anachronistic Royal Box, accompanied by the Earl of Leicester wearing armour, the Earl of Essex, and Sir Francis Walsingham. The audience is packed with well-known historical figures of the day, including Sir Walter Raleigh (seated, in red), Edmund Spencer, Beaumont and Fletcher, Ben Jonson, Dr John Dee, Lord Burleigh, Sir Philip Sidney (who had died in 1586, long before the Globe was built in 1599), Francis Bacon, Sir Francis Drake, Philip Massinger, and Thomas Harrington. Shakespeare himself is standing on a platform at the end of the seats, centre left.

Scott was creating an ideal audience of the most prominent figures of the Elizabethan age. He drew upon collections of engraved portraits, such as Edmund Lodge’s Portraits of Illustrious Personages of Great Britain (1821–34) and James Granger’s Biographical History of England (1769–74), often adding his own variations to the standard engravings. Shakespeare’s image is derived from the Chandos portrait (now in the National Portrait Gallery) and Queen Elizabeth’s portrait is a composite one derived from various sources. The theatre itself is based upon written descriptions in Malone’s edition of Shakespeare’s plays (1790) and John Payne Collier’s History of English Dramatic Poetry (1831), although Scott’s auditorium more closely resembles early 19th-century theatres, with a dress circle and gallery.

Physical description

Interior of the Globe Theatre during an imagined performance of The Merry Wives of Windsor. Falstaff, wearing antlers, stands between the Merry Wives, right, watched by Elizabeth I and her courtiers from a stage box, centre back. An audience of notable Elixabethans watches the play, including Shakespeare, standing on a platform at the end of the seating centre left.

Place of Origin

Great Britain, Uk (painted)


1840 (painted)


David Scott, born 1806 - died 1849 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Oil on canvas


Height: 185 cm, Width: 275 cm

Object history note

Exhibited: Royal Academy, 1840 (no.410); Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 1841 (no.249); posthumous exhibition of Scott's work, Edinburgh, 1849 (no.24); Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 1880 (no.505); Inaugural exhibition of the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre Picture Gallery, Stratford-upon-Avon, 1882 (no.8).

Descriptive line

Painting by David Scott, entitled Queen Elizabeth Viewing the Performance of 'The Merry Wives of Windsor' at the Globe Theatre, 1840

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Ashton, Geoffrey. Catalogue of Paintings at the Theatre Museum, London. ed. James Fowler, London : Victoria and Albert Museum, 1992. 224p. ill. ISBN 1851771026

Labels and date


This painting is based on the legend that Shakespeare was commanded to write The Merry Wives of Windsor so that Queen Elizabeth could see Falstaff in love. Although Elizabeth I never actually attended a public playhouse, the artist shows her at the Globe in the company of well-known historical figures, including Ben Jonson, Francis Drake, Walter Raleigh and Shakespeare himself.

Oil on canvas
Painted by David Scott (1806-49)
Museum no. S.511-1985
[March 2014]


Canvas; Oil colour


Painting (image-making)

Subjects depicted

Elizabeth I (Queen of England and Wales); Shakespeare, William; Raleigh, Walter (Sir); Harrington, James (Sir,); Leicester, Robert Dudley (Earl of); Essex, Robert Devereux (2nd Earl of); Dorset, Thomas Sackville (1st Earl of); Dee, John (Dr)


Paintings; Entertainment & Leisure

Collection code


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