Or are you looking for Search the Archives?

Please complete the form to email this item.

Chair

  • Place of origin:

    England (probably, made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1725 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Beech, japanned in gold and green on a red ground; modern upholstery

  • Museum number:

    W.44:1, 2-1938

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 56c, case 3 []

Object Type
This unusual chair is a fusion of Chinese and British forms. It appears to be an early example of the new fashion in British chairs of the 1720s and 1730s for curving backs and cabriole legs. The chair is painted, or 'japanned' red in imitation of red Chinese lacquer and is evidently intended to be in the Chinese style. It may be that it illustrates the transition of design elements from Chinese chairs to British furniture.

Time
British chairs with curving back splats and cabriole legs, usually made of walnut, and with upholstered seats, are sometimes described as 'Queen Anne' chairs. However, these chairs first came into fashion not during the reign of Queen Anne (1702-1714), but in the reign of George I (1714-1727).

People
The construction and wood of the chair indicate that it was made in Britain, but its maker and history are not recorded. Giles Grendey (1693-1780) was the cabinet-maker most noted for the production of red japanned furniture later in the 18th century, but this piece does not resemble the chairs he produced.

Physical description

Wavy top rail of Chinese type supported by flat uprights supported by flat uprights of equal width throughout and of wavy profile and by similar splat,decorated with a figured scene and with growing flowers in the Chinese style. The seat is upholstered in pale yellow damask (originally crimson). Front and rear legs of cabriole form with square hoof feet.

Place of Origin

England (probably, made)

Date

ca. 1725 (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Beech, japanned in gold and green on a red ground; modern upholstery

Dimensions

Height: 116 cm, Width: 56 cm, Depth: 58.5 cm

Object history note

The provenance of this chair is not known.

Historical significance: This chair is an early example of a new form of chair which became popular in the first years of the 18th century, with curving backs and cabriole legs. It is not known for sure what influenced the new style, but it could have been Chinese chairs, seen in illustrations. The chair gives credence to this theory as it is decorated in paintwork in imitation of red Chinese lacquer. Paintwork in imitation of lacquer was known as 'Japanning', in reference to imported Japanese lacquer (mainly screens). The style of the chair is a precursor to the dominant 'Queen Anne' style chairs of the first half of the 18th century.

Historical context note

Giles Grendey is the cabinet-maker most noted for the production of red japanned furniture, but the maker of this chair is not known

Descriptive line

Japanned chair, decorated with figures in green and gold on a red ground. English, ca. 1725.

Labels and date

British Galleries:
Various elements of the design of this chair were influenced by Chinese furniture, such as the curving back, yoke-shaped top-rail and curved legs (known as 'cabriole' legs in Europe). European travellers and merchants would have seen such furniture in China. They also brought back illustrated Chinese novels (see photograph) that depicted furniture in Chinese interiors. [27/03/2003]

Categories

British Galleries; Furniture

Collection

Furniture and Woodwork Collection

Large image request

Please confirm you are using these images within the following terms and conditions, by acknowledging each of the following key points:

Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading.