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Painting

  • Place of origin:

    Mughal Empire (made)

  • Date:

    first half 18th century (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Mr John Goelet

  • Museum number:

    IS.48:1/A-1956

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

This study of a Martagon Lily is included in the "Small Clive Album", a volume of Indian paintings which is thought to have been given by Shuja ad-Daula, the Nawab of Avadh, to Lord Clive during his last visit to India in 1765-67. It contains 56 folios on which are Mughal paintings, drawings and flower studies dating to the 17th and 18th centuries. The binding is covered with an Indian brocade. The album was given to the museum by Mr John Goelet in 1956.

Physical description

Painting, in opaque watercolour on paper, a martagon lily plant with a cluster of sprouting leaves at the base of the flower stalk is painted in watercolour on a plain off-white paper ground. The flowers are painted in orange with detailing loosely hatched in a red pigment, while the leaves and stalk are painted in a pale green colour similarly detailed in a darker tone of green. The painting is framed with strips of green paper outlined with a narrow strip of gold paper and mounted on a plain ivory-coloured border edged in strips of pale brown paper. A strip of woven textile has been added to the left hand edge to act as a gutter for the album binding. The edges of the page are gilded.

Place of Origin

Mughal Empire (made)

Date

first half 18th century (made)

Artist/maker

Unknown

Materials and Techniques

Painted in opaque watercolour on paper

Marks and inscriptions

inscription in Persian at the top of the border inthe cetnre

Dimensions

Height: 35.6 cm page, Width: 23.5 cm page, Height: 20.8 cm central painting, Width: 12.5 cm central painting

Object history note

This painting is part of the Small Clive Album which is thought to have been given by Shuja ud-daula, the Nawab of Avadh, to Lord Clive during his last visit to India in 1765-67. It contains 56 leaves on which are Mughal paintings, drawings and flower studies on both sides. The album is covered with an Indian silk brocade.It was sold from Powis Castle at Sotheby's sale, 16 to 18 January 1956, lot 332A.

Nominal File: MA/1/G979

Historical context note

This design is ultimately derived from Martagum Pomponeum, plate 15 in Pierre Vallet's Le Jardin du très Chrestien Henri IV', Paris, 1608, see Skelton, R., 'A Decorative Motif in Mughal Art',Aspects of Indian Art, edited by P. Pal, Leiden, 1972, p. 151 and pl. XCb.

Descriptive line

Painting, Martagon Lily, Small Clive Album p. 1, probably Lucknow, Mughal, first half 18th century

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Skelton, R. 'A Decorative Motif in Mughal Art', Aspects of Indian Art, edited by P.Pal, Leiden, 1972, p.151, , pl. XC1a
Andrew Topsfield, cat. 63
The Indian heritage : court life & arts under Mughal rule : Victoria & Albert Museum 21 April-22 August 1982. [London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1982] Number: 0905209206 (pbk.)

Production Note

possibly made in Avadh

Materials

Opaque watercolour; Paper

Techniques

Painted

Subjects depicted

Flowers; Flowers (plants); Martagon lily

Categories

Paintings; Bonita Trust Indian Paintings Cataloguing Project

Collection

South & South East Asia Collection

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