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A Sluice, perhaps on the Stour

  • Object:

    Oil painting

  • Place of origin:

    Great Britain, United Kingdom (painted)

  • Date:

    ca. 1830-1836 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    John Constable, born 1776 - died 1837 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    oil on paper laid on canvas

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Isabel Constable, daughter of the artist

  • Museum number:

    131-1888

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, room WS, case R, shelf 29, box L

  • Download image

This study of a sluice gate on a millstream may depict Dedham lock on the River Stour. Its sombre colours and agitated brushwork resemble the landscapes of the 17th-century Dutch painter Jacob Ruysdael, which Constable greatly admired.

Physical description

Oil sketch of a sluice and trees.

Place of Origin

Great Britain, United Kingdom (painted)

Date

ca. 1830-1836 (painted)

Artist/maker

John Constable, born 1776 - died 1837 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

oil on paper laid on canvas

Dimensions

Height: 219 mm estimate, Width: 187 mm estimate, Height: 504 mm frame, Width: 452 mm frame, Depth: 40 mm frame

Object history note

Given by Isabel Constable, 1888

Historical context note

'In 1836 Constable's two exhibits at the Royal Academy were the 'Cenotaph to the memory of Sir Joshua Reynolds' (now in the Tate Gallery, No. 1272) and the watercolour 'Stonehenge' (No. 395 [1629-1888]). He gave four lectures on 'The History of Landscape Painting' at the Royal Institution in May and June of this year and his last lecture, at Hampstead, on 25 July. Constable died on 31 March 1837. His almost completed painting 'Arundel Mill and Castle' (now in the Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio; see No. 379 [260-1888]) was exhibited posthumously at the Royal Academy.'

[G Reynolds, 1973, p. 233]

Descriptive line

Oil painting, 'A Sluice, perhaps on the Stour', John Constable, ca. 1830-ca. 1836

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Catalogue of the Constable Collection, Graham Reynolds, Victoria and Albert Museum, London: HMSO, 1973, pp. 233, 238-239
The following is an extract from the text of the entry:
“There is no firm basis for the identification of the river as the Stour, but it is by no means unlikely.
Holmes, p. 251, dates c.1834. The sketch has the rather forced colours seen in such presumably late sketches as Nos. 373 and 374 [143-1888, 140-1888], in particular a greenish- yellow tone, and may reasonably be taken to have been painted in the last period of Constable's working life.”
Vikutoria & Arub?to Bijutsukan-z? : eikoku romanshugi kaigaten = The Romantic tradition in British painting, 1800-1950 : masterpieces from the Victoria and Albert Museum / selected by Mark Evans [Japan : Brain Trust], 2002. 185 p. : ill. (chiefly col.) ; 30 cm.

Exhibition History

John Constable (Wolsey Art Gallery, Christchurch Mansion, Ipswich 22 Mar 2013-30 June 2013)
The Romantic Tradition in British Painting 1800-1950: Masterpieces from the Victoria and Albert Museum (Prefectural Museum of Art, Hyogo, Kobe, Japan 28/01/2003-06/04/2003)
The Romantic Tradition in British Painting 1800-1950: Masterpieces from the Victoria and Albert Museum (Koriyama City Museum of Art 22/11/2002-27/12/2002)
The Romantic Tradition in British Painting 1800-1950: Masterpieces from the Victoria and Albert Museum (Matsuzakaya Museum, Nagoya, Japan 19/10/2002-11/11/2002)
The Romantic Tradition in British Painting 1800-1950: Masterpieces from the Victoria and Albert Museum (Chiba Prefectural Museum of Art, Japan 24/08/2002-06/10/2002)

Materials

Paper; Canvas; Oil paint

Techniques

Oil painting

Subjects depicted

Sluices

Categories

Paintings

Collection code

PDP

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Qr_O82727
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