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Enamel miniature - Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Queen Victoria, after Winterhalter
  • Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Queen Victoria, after Winterhalter
    Haslem, John
  • Enlarge image

Portrait of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Queen Victoria, after Winterhalter

  • Object:

    Enamel miniature

  • Place of origin:

    England (probably, painted)

  • Date:

    1847 (painted)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Haslem, John (artist)
    Winterhalter, Franz Xaver, born 1805 - died 1873 (artist)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Enamel on metal

  • Credit Line:

    Alan Evans Bequest, given by the National Gallery

  • Museum number:

    EVANS.337B

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level F, case RMC, shelf 5, box 3

This portrait is painted in enamel on metal. The advantage of enamel over traditional miniature painting (watercolour painted on vellum or, from about 1700, on ivory) is that it does not fade when exposed to light. The process of painting with enamels is, however, less free than the miniature technique and is fraught with danger. The first colours to be laid on the metal support have to be those needing the highest temperature when firing. More colour is added and the enamel refired, the process ending with the colours needing the lowest temperature. Such labour meant that it was an expensive option.

Enamel was first practised in England in the 1630s by the Swiss goldsmith Jean Petitot at the court of Charles I. It was reintroduced around 1680 by a Swede, Charles Boit, and achieved wide popularity with the work of Christian Friedrich Zincke of Germany. Both Boit and Zincke were goldsmiths by training. In the early 18th century a number of miniaturists took up enamel in order to offer their clients a choice. But as the market for all portraiture grew and as miniature painters worked on ivory with increasing confidence and bravura, enamel painters decided to learn their rivals’ art. In the 19th century the rich colour of enamel made it popular as a copyist’s art.

This work is one of three framed together - two of them depicting members of the British royal family - that are copies of works by Queen Victoria’s favorite oil painter, the German painter Franz Xaver Winterhalter. The pieces are typical of the Victorian taste for enamel copies.

Physical description

Enamel miniature

Place of Origin

England (probably, painted)

Date

1847 (painted)

Artist/maker

Haslem, John (artist)
Winterhalter, Franz Xaver, born 1805 - died 1873 (artist)

Materials and Techniques

Enamel on metal

Dimensions

Height: 32 mm, Width: 27 mm

Descriptive line

Portrait enamel of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Queen Victoria, after Winterhalter Dated 1847, enamel on metal, painted by John Haslem (1808-1884).

Materials

Enamel

Techniques

Enamelling

Categories

Royalty; Paintings; Portraits; Children & Childhood; Childrens' clothes; Enamels

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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