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Etching - Architectura von austheilung symetrica und proportion der funff seulen
  • Architectura von austheilung symetrica und proportion der funff seulen
    Dietterlin, I, Wendel, born 1550 - died 1599
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Architectura von austheilung symetrica und proportion der funff seulen

  • Object:

    Etching

  • Place of origin:

    Nuremberg (published)

  • Date:

    1598 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Dietterlin, I, Wendel, born 1550 - died 1599 (designer)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Etching, ink on paper

  • Museum number:

    28766:23

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 58, case 1, shelf DR2

Object Type
This print is an etching, produced by biting lines in a metal plate with acid to hold ink. The lines on the plate are filled with ink, which is then printed onto paper.

People
Wendel Dietterlin was born in Pfullendorf on Lake Constance but later became a citizen of the Protestant city of Strasbourg, where he lived for much of his life. He belonged to the local guild of artists, decorators and painters and was chiefly a mural and fresco painter, although none of his work of this kind survives. Dietterlin is remembered for publishing a large and very influential series of architectural prints, which this etching is taken from. He died before he was 50, having mentioned in the dedication to his book that he was suffering a long and painful illness and that he thought life was miserable and dreary but that art was a source of pleasure and grace.

Subjects Depicted
In the title the author explains that his examples of the use of the five orders of architecture include windows, chimneys, door frames, portals, fountains, tombs and monuments. Some of them are very fanciful and demonstrate the artist's powerful and playful imagination. The masonry in and around the empty niches either side of this doorway is rusticated (cut in large blocks separated by deep joints). Rustication usually only occurs in the Tuscan or Doric orders, but the massiveness, sophistication and richness of this example means it cannot be Tuscan and therefore must be Doric.

Publishing
Dietterlin began publishing prints relating to the five orders of architecture in 1593 in Stuttgart, where he was painting a ceiling for Duke Ludwig VI of Württemberg. He published further plates in 1594 and an enlarged definitive edition in Nuremburg in 1598. Each book was had a parallel text in Latin and French, with separate editions in German. These prints were very influential among architects and craftsmen, who used them as design sources. Copies of the book have become scarce as they would often have been used literally until they fell apart. Some of the plates were published separately from 1617 and the original plates were reprinted in 1655.

Physical description

Etching

Place of Origin

Nuremberg (published)

Date

1598 (made)

Artist/maker

Dietterlin, I, Wendel, born 1550 - died 1599 (designer)

Materials and Techniques

Etching, ink on paper

Dimensions

Height: 25.5 cm, Width: 18.9 cm

Object history note

Designed by Wendel Dietterlin (born in Pullendorf, Germany, 1550, died in Strasbourg, France,1599)

Wendel Dietterlin, 'Architectura von austheilung symetrica und proportion der funff seulen', Nuremburg, 1598

Wendel Dietterlin was trained as a painter in Strasbourg. His Architectura, published from 1593, was a virtuoso and extreme pattern book of strapwork grotesque designs for windows, fountains, monuments and so on, arranged by the five orders of architecture. Architectura circulated widely in England and was a major source of inspiration for designers of ornament around 1600 [from departmental notes].

Descriptive line

Design for a Chimneypiece

Labels and date

British Galleries:
The designs of Wendel Dietterlin show chunky, forceful detail, especially in the heavy blocks of pitted, rough-hewn stone known as rustication. The architectural framework is enlivened with vigorous detail such as chubby children and extravagant strapwork. The objects in the doorway suggest this is for entry to a vault or garden. [27/03/2003]

Materials

Printing ink

Techniques

Etching

Categories

Prints; Designs; Architecture; British Galleries

Collection

Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection

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