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Jar

Jar

  • Place of origin:

    Boston (made)

  • Date:

    1898-1899 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Grueby, William H., born 1867 - died 1925 (maker)
    Kendrick, George Prentiss (designer)
    Post, Wilhelmina (decorator)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Stoneware, with a semi-matt glaze

  • Museum number:

    1685-1900

  • Gallery location:

    Ceramics, Room 139, The Curtain Foundation Gallery, case 45, shelf 1

William Henry Grueby (1867-1925) began his career working for a brickworks in Boston. As the company's representative he visited the Chicago Exposition, 1893, where he met other potters and saw the work of French ceramicists. Auguste Delaherche became a major influence. In 1894 he set up the Grueby Faience Co. to continue production of bricks, tiles etc but also to begin making pottery. George Prentiss Kendrick, already well-known as a designer in metal wares, was designer to the pottery until 1901. Grueby's production was an instant success and gold and silver medals were awarded at the international exhibtion, Paris, 1900. By then, their wares were sold by the influential Samuel (Siegfried) Bing at his celebrated shop L'Art Nouveau in Paris, from where the Museum purchased two examples. The clay used in the architectural faience production was also used for the pottery. The basic form was thrown and the raised leaves and flowers were applied in thin rolls of clay, arranged and worked by hand. Most modelling and decoration was done by the women students from Boston's Museum of Fine Arts and other schools. Grueby developed a range of matt glazes of which the green of this vase (known as Grueby Green) was the most successful and the most imitated.

Physical description

Stoneware jar with semi-matt green glaze

Place of Origin

Boston (made)

Date

1898-1899 (made)

Artist/maker

Grueby, William H., born 1867 - died 1925 (maker)
Kendrick, George Prentiss (designer)
Post, Wilhelmina (decorator)

Materials and Techniques

Stoneware, with a semi-matt glaze

Marks and inscriptions

'Grueby Faience Co.Boston USA' around a lotus flower, within a circle, impressed and paper label. A cross and 'W.P' incised; South Kensington Museum paper label
'W.P' possibly the monogram of Wilhelmina Post

Dimensions

Height: 33.7 cm

Object history note

Purchased from Samuel (Siegfried) Bing's shop , 22 rue de Provence, Paris

Historical significance: Purchased from Samuel (Siegfried) Bing's shop , 22 rue de Provence, Paris

Descriptive line

Stoneware jar with semi-matt glaze made by William H Grueby, Boston; 1898-1899.

Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

Greenhalgh, Paul (Ed.), Art Nouveau: 1890-1914 . London: V&A Publications, 2000
Jervis, SSJ: (ed) Art & Design in Europe & America, V&A, 1986, pp.200,201 (illus.)
Charleston, R:(ed) World Ceramics, London, Hamlyn, 1968, pl.922

Labels and date

VASE

1685-1900

'American and European Art and Design 1800-1900'

Trained at a tileworks Grueby established his independent Grueby Faience Company in 1894. At the Chicago1893 Exhibition he saw the high temperature flambé glazes developed by the important French potters, Chaplet and Delaherche, and, under their influence, he developed the matt glazes on which he built his reputation. This vase, bought from Siegfried Bing's shop, L'Art Nouveau, features the famous 'Grueby green'. Its ribbed leaf forms are strongly influenced by Delaherche. Grueby won many prizes at international exhibitions in Paris, St. Petersburg, Turin and St. Louis. [1987-2006]

Materials

Stoneware; Glaze

Techniques

Glazed

Categories

Ceramics; Stoneware; Vases

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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