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Tile

Tile

  • Place of origin:

    Stoke-on-Trent (made)

  • Date:

    1845-1851 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    A. W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
    Minton (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Earthenware, with inlaid glazed decoration (encaustic)

  • Credit Line:

    Given by St George's Cathedral

  • Museum number:

    C.1D-1978

  • Gallery location:

    British Galleries, Room 122, case 8

Object Type
Encaustic tiles were produced in large quantities from the mid-19th century. The principal market for these tiles was for churches, both new and restored.

Design & Designing
This tile is one of five (C.1 to D-1978) designs originally been made by Pugin for use at the church of St Giles, Cheadle, between 1845 and 1846. However, as would often happen, the designs were re-used for other buildings. These particular tiles came from St George's Roman Catholic Cathedral in Southwark, London.

Places
The splendid new church of St George's in Southwark was the work of the Gothic revival architect and designer, Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (1812-1852).It was consecrated in 1848 and in 1850 became the first Roman Catholic Cathedral in England since the Reformation. Catastrophic bombing raids in 1941 destroyed large parts of the cathedral, which was subsequently rebuilt and re-opened in 1958. The substantial damage to these tiles, which were laid in the sanctuary of the cathedral, occurred during the 1941 bombing raid.

Place of Origin

Stoke-on-Trent (made)

Date

1845-1851 (made)

Artist/maker

A. W. Pugin, born 1812 - died 1852 (designer)
Minton (maker)

Materials and Techniques

Earthenware, with inlaid glazed decoration (encaustic)

Marks and inscriptions

'MINTON & CO/PATENT/STOKE UPON TRENT'
verso; impressed

Dimensions

Height: 27 cm, Width: 27 cm

Object history note

The design had been used by Pugin at St Giles, Cheadle, between 1845-6. These particular tiles were used at St George's Cathedral, Southwark, which was completed by 1851. The cathedral was destroyed by bombing in the Second World War, and the damage to the tiles occurred at this time.

Descriptive line

Tile from a set of five tiles: agnus dei and four surrounding

Labels and date

British Galleries:
ENCAUSTIC TILES

Thousands of British churches were restored or built during Queen Victoria's reign. Architects and manufacturers worked together to provide designs for items such as tiles and metalwork, developing new techniques of production to satisfy demand. [27/03/2003]

Categories

Ceramics; Tiles; Earthenware; British Galleries

Collection

Ceramics Collection

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